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Considering the emergence of severe electromagnetic interference problems, it is vital to develop electromagnetic (EM) wave absorbing materials with high dielectric, magnetic loss and optimized impedance matching. However, realizing the synergistic dielectric and magnetic losses in a single phase material is still a challenge. Herein, high entropy (HE) rare earth hexaborides (REB6) powders with coupling of dielectric and magnetic losses were designed and successfully synthesized through a facial one-step boron carbide reduction method, and the effects of high entropy borates intermedia phases on the EM wave absorption properties were investigated. Five HE REB6 ceramics including (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6, (Ce0.2Eu0.2Sm0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6, (Ce0.2Y0.2Eu0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6, (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2 Eu0.2Yb0.2)B6, and (Nd0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Eu0.2 Yb0.2)B6 possess CsCl-type cubic crystal structure, and their theoretical densities range from 4.84 to 5.25 g/cm3. (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Er0.2 Yb0.2)B6 powders with the average particle size of 1.86 μm were found to possess the best EM wave absorption properties among these hexaborides. The RLmin value of (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6 reaches -33.4 dB at 11.5 GHz at thickness of 2 mm; meanwhile, the optimized effective absorption bandwidth (EAB) is 3.9 GHz from 13.6 to 17.5 GHz with a thickness of 1.5 mm. The introduction of HE REBO3 (RE = Ce, Y, Sm, Eu, Er, Yb) as intermediate phase will give rise to the mismatching impedance, which will further lead to the reduction of reflection loss. Intriguingly, the HEREB6/HEREBO3 still possess wide effective absorption bandwidth of 4.1 GHz with the relative low thickness of 1.7 mm. Considering the better stability, low density, and good EM wave absorption properties, HE REB6 ceramics are promising as a new type of EM wave absorbing materials.


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One-step synthesis and electromagnetic absorption properties of high entropy rare earth hexaborides (HE REB6) and high entropy rare earth hexaborides/borates (HE REB6/HE REBO3) composite powders

Show Author's information Weiming ZHANGaBiao ZHAObHuimin XIANGaFu-Zhi DAIaShijiang WUcYanchun ZHOUa( )
Science and Technology on Advanced Functional Composite Laboratory, Aerospace Research Institute of Materials & Processing Technology, Beijing 100076, China
Henan Key Laboratory of Aeronautical Materials and Application Technology, School of Material Science and Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Aeronautics, Zhengzhou 450046, China
Zibo Firststar New Material Incorporated Co. Ltd., Zibo 255000, China

Abstract

Considering the emergence of severe electromagnetic interference problems, it is vital to develop electromagnetic (EM) wave absorbing materials with high dielectric, magnetic loss and optimized impedance matching. However, realizing the synergistic dielectric and magnetic losses in a single phase material is still a challenge. Herein, high entropy (HE) rare earth hexaborides (REB6) powders with coupling of dielectric and magnetic losses were designed and successfully synthesized through a facial one-step boron carbide reduction method, and the effects of high entropy borates intermedia phases on the EM wave absorption properties were investigated. Five HE REB6 ceramics including (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6, (Ce0.2Eu0.2Sm0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6, (Ce0.2Y0.2Eu0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6, (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2 Eu0.2Yb0.2)B6, and (Nd0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Eu0.2 Yb0.2)B6 possess CsCl-type cubic crystal structure, and their theoretical densities range from 4.84 to 5.25 g/cm3. (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Er0.2 Yb0.2)B6 powders with the average particle size of 1.86 μm were found to possess the best EM wave absorption properties among these hexaborides. The RLmin value of (Ce0.2Y0.2Sm0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)B6 reaches -33.4 dB at 11.5 GHz at thickness of 2 mm; meanwhile, the optimized effective absorption bandwidth (EAB) is 3.9 GHz from 13.6 to 17.5 GHz with a thickness of 1.5 mm. The introduction of HE REBO3 (RE = Ce, Y, Sm, Eu, Er, Yb) as intermediate phase will give rise to the mismatching impedance, which will further lead to the reduction of reflection loss. Intriguingly, the HEREB6/HEREBO3 still possess wide effective absorption bandwidth of 4.1 GHz with the relative low thickness of 1.7 mm. Considering the better stability, low density, and good EM wave absorption properties, HE REB6 ceramics are promising as a new type of EM wave absorbing materials.

Keywords:

high entropy rare earth hexaborides (HE REB6), one-step synthesis, electromagnetic wave absorbing properties, synergistic dielectric and magnetic losses, wide effective absorption bandwidth
Received: 29 July 2020 Revised: 23 August 2020 Accepted: 30 August 2020 Published: 21 October 2020 Issue date: February 2021
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Publication history

Received: 29 July 2020
Revised: 23 August 2020
Accepted: 30 August 2020
Published: 21 October 2020
Issue date: February 2021

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© The Author(s) 2020

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 51972089, 51672064, and U1435206.

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