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Research Article | Open Access

Thermoelectric performance enhancement by manipulation of Sr/Ti doping in two sublayers of Ca3Co4O9

Li ZHANGa,( )Yichen LIUb,Thiam Teck TANbYi LIUaJian ZHENGbYanling YANGaXiaojiang HOUaLei FENGaGuoquan SUOaXiaohui YEaSean LIb
Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Green Preparation and Functionalization for Inorganic Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi’an 710021, China
UNSW Materials and Manufacturing Futures Institute, School of Material Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, 2052, Australia

† Li Zhang and Yichen Liu contributed equally to this work.

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Thermoelectric (TE) performance of Ca3Co4O9 (CCO) has been investigated extensively via a doping strategy in the past decades. However, the doping sites of different sublayers in CCO and their contributions to the TE performance remain unrevealed because of its strong correlated electronic system. In this work, Sr and Ti are chosen to realize doping at the [Ca2CoO3] and [CoO2] sublayers in CCO. It was found that figure of merit (ZT) at 957 K of Ti-doped CCO was improved 30% than that of undoped CCO whereas 1 at% Sr doping brought about a 150% increase in ZT as compared to undoped CCO. The significant increase in electronic conductivity and the Seebeck coefficient are attributed to the enhanced carrier concentration and spin-entropy of Co4+ originating from the Sr doping effects in [Ca2CoO3] sublayer, which are evidenced by the scanning electron microscope (SEM), Raman, Hall, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. Furthermore, the reduced thermal conductivity is attributed to the improved phonon scattering from heavier Sr doped Ca site in [Ca2CoO3] sublayer. Our findings demonstrate that doping at Ca sites of [Ca2CoO3] layer is a feasible pathway to boost TE performance of CCO material through promoting the electronic conductivity and the Seebeck coefficient, and reducing the thermal conductivity simultaneously. This work provides a deep understanding of the current limited ZT enhancement on CCO material and provides an approach to enhance the TE performance of other layered structure materials.


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Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 769-781
Cite this article:
ZHANG L, LIU Y, TAN TT, et al. Thermoelectric performance enhancement by manipulation of Sr/Ti doping in two sublayers of Ca3Co4O9. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2020, 9(6): 769-781.








Web of Science






Received: 29 May 2020
Revised: 18 August 2020
Accepted: 21 August 2020
Published: 27 November 2020
© The Author(s) 2020

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