AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
PDF (1.6 MB)
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Fabrication, microstructures, and optical properties of Yb:Lu2O3 laser ceramics from co-precipitated nano-powders

Ziyu LIUa,bGuido TOCIcAngela PIRRIdBarbara PATRIZIcYagang FENGa,bJiabei WEIa,bFeng WUa,eZhaoxiang YANGaMatteo VANNINIcJiang LIa,b( )
Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-functional Inorganic Materials, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201899, China
Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR-INO, Sesto Fiorentino (Fi) 50019, Italy
Istituto di Fisica Applicata "N. Carrara" , Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR-IFAC, Sesto Fiorentino (Fi) 50019, Italy
School of Material Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Show Author Information


The Yb:Lu2O3 precursor made up of spherical particles was synthesized through the co-precipitation method in the water/ethanol solvent. The 5 at% Yb:Lu2O3 powder is in the cubic phase after calcination at 1100 ℃ for 4 h. The powder also consists of spherical nanoparticles with the average particle and grain sizes of 96 and 49 nm, respectively. The average grain size of the pre-sintered ceramic sample is 526 nm and that of the sample by hot isostatic pressing grows to 612 nm. The 1.0 mm-thick sample has an in-line transmittance of 81.6% (theoretical value of 82.2%) at 1100 nm. The largest absorption cross-section at 976 nm is 0.96×10-20 cm2 with the emission cross-section at 1033 nm of 0.92×10-20 cm2 and the gain cross sections are calculated with the smallest population inversion parameter β of 0.059. The highest slope efficiency of 68.7% with the optical efficiency of 65.1% is obtained at 1033.3 nm in quasi-continuous wave (QCW) pumping. In the case of continuous wave (CW) pumping, the highest slope efficiency is 61.0% with the optical efficiency of 54.1%. The obtained laser performance indicates that Yb:Lu2O3 ceramics have excellent resistance to thermal load stresses, which shows great potential in high-power solid-state laser applications.


P Raybaut, F Druon, F Balembois, et al. Directly diode- pumped Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O regenerative amplifier. Opt Lett 2003, 28: 2195.
AM Heuer, CJ Saraceno, K Beil, et al. Efficient OPSL- pumped mode-locked Yb: Lu2O3 laser with 67% optical-to- optical efficiency. Sci Rep 2016, 6: 19090.
WF Krupke. Ytterbium solid-state lasers. The first decade. IEEE J Sel Top Quantum Electron 2000, 6: 1287-1296.
WP Liu, HM Kou, J Li, et al. Transparent Yb:(LuxSc1-x)2O3 ceramics sintered from carbonate co-precipitated powders. Ceram Int 2015, 41: 6335-6339.
Y Guyot, M Guzik, G Alombert-Goget, et al. Assignment of Yb3+ energy levels in the C2 and C3i centers of Lu2O3 sesquioxide either as ceramics or as crystal. J Lumin 2016, 170: 513-519.
J Dong, A Shirakawa, KI Ueda, et al. Laser-diode pumped heavy-doped Yb: YAG ceramic lasers. Opt Lett 2007, 32: 1890.
SN Bagayev, VV Osipov, VA Shitov, et al. Fabrication and optical properties of Y2O3-based ceramics with broad emission bandwidth. J Eur Ceram Soc 2012, 32: 4257-4262.
JB Wei, G Toci, A Pirri, et al. Fabrication and property of Yb: CaF2 laser ceramics from Co-precipitated nanopowders. J Inorg Mater 2019, 34: 1341.
M Kaskow, L Galecki, JK Jabczynski, et al. Diode-side- pumped, passively Q-switched Yb:LuAG laser. Opt Laser Tech 2015,73:101-104.
A Pirri, G Toci, J Li, et al. A comprehensive characterization of a 10 at.% Yb: YSAG laser ceramic sample. Materials 2018, 11: 837.
A Pirri, G Toci, M Vannini. First laser oscillation and broad tunability of 1  at% Yb-doped Sc2O3 and Lu2O3 ceramics. Opt Lett 2011, 36: 4284.
CD McMillen, LD Sanjeewa, CA Moore, et al. Crystal growth and phase stability of Ln: Lu2O3(Ln=Ce,Pr,Nd,Sm, Eu,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er,Tm,Yb) in a higher-temperature hydrothermal regime. J Cryst Growth 2016, 452: 146-150.
RN Maksimov, L Esposito, J Hostaša, et al. Densification and phase transition of Yb-doped Lu2O3 nanoparticles synthesized by laser ablation. Mater Lett 2016, 185: 396-398.
J Sanghera, B Shaw, W Kim, et al. Ceramic laser materials. Proc SPIE 2011, 7912:79121Q-1.
R Gaumé, B Viana, D Vivien, et al. A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals. Appl Phys Lett 2003, 83: 1355-1357.
M Guzik, J Pejchal, A Yoshikawa, et al. Structural investigations of Lu2O3 as single crystal and polycrystalline transparent ceramic. Cryst Growth Des 2014, 14: 3327-3334.
K Takaichi, H Yagi, A Shirakawa, et al. Lu2O3:Yb3+ ceramics—A novel gain material for high-power solid-state lasers. Phys Stat Sol (a) 2005, 202: R1-R3.
S Kitajima, H Nakao, A Shirakawa, et al. CW performance and temperature observation of Yb:Lu2O3 ceramic thin-disk laser. In Laser Congress 2017 (ASSL, LAC). OSA Technical Digest, Optical Society of America, 2017: JM5A.32.
J Sanghera, W Kim, C Baker, et al. Laser oscillation in hot pressed 10% Yb3+:Lu2O3 ceramic. Opt Mater 2011, 33: 670-674.
W Kim, C Baker, G Villalobos, et al. Synthesis of high purity Yb3+-doped Lu2O3 powder for high power solid-state lasers. J Am Ceram Soc 2011, 94: 3001-3005.
DL Yin, J Ma, P Liu, et al. Submicron-grained Yb:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics with lasing quality. J Am Ceram Soc 2019, 102: 2587-2592.
LL Dong, MZ Ma, W Jing, et al. Synthesis of highly sinterable Yb:Lu2O3 nanopowders via spray co-precipitation for transparent ceramics. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 19554-19561.
QQ Wang, Y Shi, YG Feng, et al. Spectral characteristics and laser parameters of solar pumped Cr, Nd:YAG transparent ceramics. Chin J Lumin 2019, 40: 1365-1372.
XY Li, Q Liu, ZW Hu, et al. Influence of ammonium hydrogen carbonate to metal ions molar ratio on co-precipitated nanopowders for TGG transparent ceramics. J Inorg Mater 2019, 34: 791-797.
SS Balabanov, DA Permin, EY Rostokina, et al. Sinterability of nanopowders of terbia solid solutions with scandia, yttria, and Lutetia. J Adv Ceram 2018, 7: 362-369.
YH Dai, J Li, Y Zhang, et al. Preparation of Er,Yb:(LaLu)2O3 ceramic and its upconversion luminescent properties. Chin J Lumin 2018, 39: 488-493.
ZY Liu, G Toci, A Pirri, et al. Fabrication and laser operation of Yb:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics from co-precipitated nano-powders. J Am Ceram Soc 2019, 102: 7491-7499.
Q Liu, JB Li, JW Dai, et al. Fabrication, microstructure and spectroscopic properties of Yb:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics from co-precipitated nanopowders. Ceram Int 2018, 44: 11635-11643.
HJ Wu, GH Pan, ZD Hao, et al. Laser-quality Tm:(Lu0.8 Sc0.2)2O3 mixed sesquioxide ceramics shaped by gelcasting of well-dispersed nanopowders. J Am Ceram Soc 2019, 102: 4919-4928.
SF Chen, SH Yu, B Yu, et al. Solvent effect on mineral modification: Selective synthesis of cerium compounds by a facile solution route. Chem Eur J 2004, 10: 3050-3058.
SF Chen, SH Yu, J Jiang, et al. Polymorph discrimination of CaCO3 mineral in an ethanol/water solution: Formation of complex vaterite superstructures and aragonite rods. ChemInform 2006, 37: 115-122.
YG Feng, G Toci, A Pirri, et al. Fabrication, microstructure, and optical properties of Yb:Y3ScAl4O12 transparent ceramics with different doping levels. J Am Ceram Soc 2020, 103: 224-234.
ZF Dai, Q Liu, G Toci, et al. Fabrication and laser oscillation of Yb:Sc2O3 transparent ceramics from co-precipitated nano-powders. J Eur Ceram Soc 2018, 38: 1632-1638.
S Cai, B Lu, HB Chen, et al. Homogeneous (Lu1-xInx)2O3 (x = 0−1) solid solutions: Controlled synthesis, structure features and optical properties. Powder Technol 2017, 317: 224-229.
ZG Sun, ZY Chen, MY Wang, et al. Production and optical properties of Ce3+-activated and Lu3+-stabilized transparent gadolinium aluminate garnet ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2020, 103: 809-818.
A Monshi, MR Foroughi, MR Monshi. Modified scherrer equation to estimate more accurately nano-crystallite size using XRD. World J Nano Sci Eng 2012, 2: 154-160.
SS Li, XW Zhu, J Li, et al. Fabrication of 5at.%Yb: (La0.1Y0.9)2O3 transparent ceramics by chemical precipitation and vacuum sintering. Opt Mater 2017, 71: 56-61.
G Toci, J Hostaša, B Patrizi, et al. Fabrication and laser performances of Yb:Sc2O3 transparent ceramics from different combination of vacuum sintering and hot isostatic pressing conditions. J Eur Ceram Soc 2020, 40: 881-886.
DC Harris. Materials for infrared windows and domes: properties and performance. Opt Photonics News 1999: 21-25.
AA Kaminskii, M Sh Akchurin, P Becker, et al. Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants. Laser Phys Lett 2008, 5: 300-303.
DE McCumber. Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra. Phys Rev 1964, 136: a954.
L Laversenne, Y Guyot, C Goutaudier, et al. Optimization of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped refractory sesquioxides: Cubic Y2O3, Lu2O3 and monoclinic Gd2O3. Opt Mater 2001, 16: 475-483.
FX Gan, PZ Deng. Laser Materials. Shanghai, China: Shanghai Science and Technology Press, 1996.
H Kühn, ST Fredrich-Thornton, C Kränkel, et al. Model for the calculation of radiation trapping and description of the pinhole method. Opt Lett 2007, 32: 1908-1910.
G Toci. Lifetime measurements with the pinhole method in presence of radiation trapping: I—theoretical model. Appl Phys B 2012, 106: 63-71.
G Toci, D Alderighi, A Pirri, et al. Lifetime measurements with the pinhole method in presence of radiation trapping: II—application to Yb3+ doped ceramics and crystals. Appl Phys B 2012, 106: 73-79.
K Petermann, D Fagundes-Peters, J Johannsen, et al. Highly Yb-doped oxides for thin-disc lasers. J Cryst Growth 2005, 275: 135-140.
R Peters, C Kränkel, K Petermann, et al. Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3. J Cryst Growth 2008, 310: 1934-1938.
JA Caird, SA Payne, PR Staber, et al. Quantum electronic properties of the Na3/Ga2/Li3F12:Cr3+ laser. IEEE J Quantum Electron 1988, 24:1077-1099.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 674-682
Cite this article:
LIU Z, TOCI G, PIRRI A, et al. Fabrication, microstructures, and optical properties of Yb:Lu2O3 laser ceramics from co-precipitated nano-powders. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2020, 9(6): 674-682.








Web of Science






Received: 05 February 2020
Revised: 02 July 2020
Accepted: 04 July 2020
Published: 06 November 2020
© The Author(s) 2020

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit