Journal Home > Volume 9 , issue 4

High strength SiC whisker-reinforced Ti3SiC2 composites (SiCw/Ti3SiC2) with an improved thermal conductivity and mechanical properties were fabricated by spark plasma sintering. The bending strength of 10 wt% SiCw/Ti3SiC2 was 635 MPa, which was approximately 50% higher than that of the monolithic Ti3SiC2 (428 MPa). The Vickers hardness and thermal conductivity (k) also increased by 36% and 25%, respectively, from the monolithic Ti3SiC2 by the incorporation of 10 wt% SiCw. This remarkable improvement both in mechanical and thermal properties was attributed to the fine-grained uniform composite microstructure along with the effects of incorporated SiCw. The SiCw/Ti3SiC2 can be a feasible candidate for the in-core structural application in nuclear reactors due to the excellent mechanical and thermal properties.


menu
Abstract
Full text
Outline
About this article

Fabrication of SiCw/Ti3SiC2 composites with improved thermal conductivity and mechanical properties using spark plasma sintering

Show Author's information Xiaobing ZHOUa,b( )Lei JINGaYong Duk KWONcJin-Young KIMcZhengren HUANGaDang-Hyok YOONb( )Jaehyung LEEb( )Qing HUANGa
Engineering Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Republic of Korea
Union Materials Corporation, Daegu 42710, Republic of Korea

Abstract

High strength SiC whisker-reinforced Ti3SiC2 composites (SiCw/Ti3SiC2) with an improved thermal conductivity and mechanical properties were fabricated by spark plasma sintering. The bending strength of 10 wt% SiCw/Ti3SiC2 was 635 MPa, which was approximately 50% higher than that of the monolithic Ti3SiC2 (428 MPa). The Vickers hardness and thermal conductivity (k) also increased by 36% and 25%, respectively, from the monolithic Ti3SiC2 by the incorporation of 10 wt% SiCw. This remarkable improvement both in mechanical and thermal properties was attributed to the fine-grained uniform composite microstructure along with the effects of incorporated SiCw. The SiCw/Ti3SiC2 can be a feasible candidate for the in-core structural application in nuclear reactors due to the excellent mechanical and thermal properties.

Keywords:

SiC whisker, Ti3SiC2, mechanical property, thermal conductivity, spark plasma sintering
Received: 23 March 2020 Revised: 19 May 2020 Accepted: 20 May 2020 Published: 09 July 2020 Issue date: August 2020
References(42)
[1]
W Jeitschko, H Nowotny. Die kristallstruktur von Ti3SiC2—ein neuer komplexcarbid-typ. Monatshefte Für Chemie 1967, 98: 329-337.
[2]
MW Barsoum. The MN+1AXN phases: A new class of solids. Prog Solid State Chem 2000, 28: 201-281.
[3]
DJ Tallman, EN Hoffman, EN Caspi, et al. Effect of neutron irradiation on select MAX phases. Acta Mater 2015, 85: 132-143.
[4]
MW Barsoum. MAX Phases: Properties of Machinable Ternary Carbides and Nitrides. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
[5]
VD Jovic, BM Jovic, S Gupta, et al. Corrosion behavior of select MAX phases in NaOH, HCl and H2SO4. Corros Sci 2006, 48: 4274-4282.
[6]
M Zhu, R Wang, C Chen, et al. Comparison of corrosion Behaviour of Ti3SiC2 and Ti3AlC2 in NaCl solutions with Ti. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 5708-5714.
[7]
EN Hoffman, DW Vinson, RL Sindelar, et al. MAX phase carbides and nitrides: Properties for future nuclear power plant in-core applications and neutron transmutation analysis. Nucl Eng Des 2012, 244: 17-24.
[8]
JW Liu, XB Zhou, P Tatarko, et al. Fabrication, microstructure, and properties of SiC/Al4SiC4 multiphase ceramics via an in situ formed liquid phase sintering. J Adv Ceram 2020, 9: 193-203.
[9]
Y Du, JC Schuster, HJ Seifert, et al. Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation of the titanium-silicon-carbon system. J Am Ceram Soc 2000, 83: 197-203.
[10]
GX Zhu, Q Feng, JS Yang, et al. Effect of BNNTs/matrix interface tailoring on toughness and fracture morphology of hierarchical SiCf/SiC composites. J Adv Ceram 2019, 8: 555-563.
[11]
ZF Zhang, JJ Sha, YF Zu, et al. Fabrication and mechanical properties of self-toughening ZrB2-SiC composites from in situ reaction. J Adv Ceram 2019, 8: 527-536.
[12]
HL Wang, ST Gao, SM Peng, et al. KD-S SiCf/SiC composites with BN interface fabricated by polymer infiltration and pyrolysis process. J Adv Ceram 2018, 7: 169-177.
[13]
GW Liu, XZ Zhang, J Yang, et al. Recent advances in joining of SiC-based materials (monolithic SiC and SiCf/SiC composites): Joining processes, joint strength, and interfacial behavior. J Adv Ceram 2019, 8: 19-38.
[14]
JF Zhang, T Wu, LJ Wang, et al. Microstructure and properties of Ti3SiC2/SiC nanocomposites fabricated by spark plasma sintering. Compos Sci Technol 2008, 68: 499-505.
[15]
YC Zhou, DT Wan, YW Bao, et al. In situ processing and high-temperature properties of Ti3Si(Al)C2/SiC composites. Int J Appl Ceram Technol 2006, 3: 47-54.
[16]
DT Wan, YC Zhou, YW Bao, et al. In situ reaction synthesis and characterization of Ti3Si(Al)C2/SiC composites. Ceram Int 2006, 32: 883-890.
[17]
SB Li, GM Song, Y Zhou. A dense and fine-grained SiC/Ti3Si(Al)C2 composite and its high-temperature oxidation behavior. J Eur Ceram Soc 2012, 32: 3435-3444.
[18]
SB Li, JX Xie, LT Zhang, et al. In situ synthesis of Ti3SiC2/SiC composite by displacement reaction of Si and TiC. Mater Sci Eng: A 2004, 381: 51-56.
[19]
DT Wan, YC Zhou, CF Hu, et al. Improved strength- impairing contact damage resistance of Ti3Si(Al)C2/SiC composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2007, 27: 2069-2076.
[20]
M Barsoum, LH Ho-Duc, M Radovic, et al. Long time oxidation study of Ti3SiC2, Ti3SiC2/SiC and Ti3SiC2/TiC composites in air. J Electrochem Soc 2003, 150: B166-B175.
[21]
JF Zhang, LJ Wang, W Jiang, et al. High temperature oxidation behavior and mechanism of Ti3SiC2-SiC nanocomposites in air. Compos Sci Technol 2008, 68: 1531-1538.
[22]
JF Zhang, LJ Wang, L Shi, et al. Rapid fabrication of Ti3SiC2-SiC nanocomposite using the spark plasma sintering-reactive synthesis (SPS-RS) method. Scripta Mater 2007, 56: 241-244.
[23]
PF Becher, CH Hsueh, P Angelini, et al. Toughening behavior in whisker-reinforced ceramic matrix composites. J Am Ceram Soc 1988, 71: 1050-1061.
[24]
QF Zan, LM Dong, C Wang, et al. Improvement of mechanical properties of Al2O3/Ti3SiC2 multilayer ceramics by adding SiC whiskers into Al2O3 layers. Ceram Int 2007, 33: 385-388.
[25]
H Hashimoto, ZM Sun, S Tada, et al. Strengthening of titanium silicon carbide by grain orientation control and silicon carbide whisker dispersion. Mater Trans 2007, 48: 2427-2431.
[26]
Z Sun, Y Zhou, M Li. High temperature oxidation behavior of Ti3SiC2-based material in air. Acta Mater 2001, 49: 4347-4353.
[27]
M Barsoum, T ElRaghy, LUJT Ogbuji. Oxidation of Ti3SiC2 in air. J Electrochem Soc 1997, 144: 2508-2516.
[28]
SL Yang, ZM Sun, H Hashimoto, et al. Oxidation of Ti3SiC2 at 1000 ℃ in air. Oxid Met 2003, 59: 155-156.
[29]
H Yang, XB Zhou, W Shi, et al. Thickness-dependent phase evolution and bonding strength of SiC ceramics joints with active Ti interlayer. J Eur Ceram Soc 2017, 37: 1233-1241.
[30]
J Sun, L Gao. Dispersing SiC powder and improving its rheological behaviour. J Eur Ceram Soc 2001, 21: 2447-2451.
[31]
H Kwon, XB Zhou, DH Yoon. Fabrication of SiCf/Ti3SiC2 by the electrophoresis of highly dispersed Ti3SiC2 powder. Ceram Int 2020, 46: 18168-18174.
[32]
PA Midgley, M Weyland, JM Thomas, et al. Z-Contrast tomography: A technique in three-dimensional nanostructural analysis based on Rutherford scattering. Chem Commun 2001: 907-908.
[33]
K Sato, M Mishra, H Hirano, et al. Pressureless sintering and reaction mechanisms of Ti3SiC2 ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2014, 97: 1407-1412.
[34]
Z Sun, Y Zou, S Tada, et al. Effect of Al addition on pressureless reactive sintering of Ti3SiC2. Scripta Mater 2006, 55: 1011-1014.
[35]
CB Spencer, JM Córdoba, NH Obando, et al. The reactivity of Ti2AlC and Ti3SiC2 with SiC fibers and powders up to temperatures of 1550 ℃. J Am Ceram Scripta 2011, 94: 1737-1743.
[36]
RS Zhang, H Wang, M Tian, et al. Pressureless reaction sintering and hot isostatic pressing of transparent MgAlON ceramic with high strength. Ceram Int 2018, 44: 17383-17390.
[37]
L Bjork, LAG Hermansson. Hot isostatically pressed alumina-silicon carbide-whisker composites. J Am Ceram Soc 1989, 72: 1436-1438.
[38]
YW Mai, BR Lawn. Crack-interface grain bridging as a fracture resistance mechanism in ceramics: II, theoretical fracture mechanics model. J Am Ceram Soc 1987, 70: 289-294.
[39]
YC Zhou, ZM Sun. Electronic structure and bonding properties in layered ternary carbide Ti3SiC2. J Phys: Condens Matter 2000, 12: 457-462.
[40]
JY Wang, YC Zhou. Polymorphism of Ti3SiC2 ceramic: First-principles investigations. Phys Rev B 2004, 69: 144108.
[41]
G Mata-Osoro, JS Moya, C Pecharroman. Transparent alumina by vacuum sintering. J Eur Ceram Soc 2012, 32: 2925-2933.
[42]
LL Snead, T Nozawa, Y Katoh, et al. Handbook of SiC properties for fuel performance modeling. J Nucl Mater 2007, 371: 329-377.
Publication history
Copyright
Acknowledgements
Rights and permissions

Publication history

Received: 23 March 2020
Revised: 19 May 2020
Accepted: 20 May 2020
Published: 09 July 2020
Issue date: August 2020

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2020

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11975296 and 51811540402), the Natural Science Foundation of Ningbo City (Grant No. 2018A610001), and the Korea Ministry of Education (NRF-2018K2A9A2A06018203).

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.

Return