AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
PDF (919.1 KB)
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Preliminary 3D printing of large inclined-shaped alumina ceramic parts by direct ink writing

Liangliang YANGaXiaojun ZENGbAllah DITTAaBo FENGaLizhong SUaYue ZHANGa( )
Key Laboratory of Aerospace Materials and Performance (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, United States
Show Author Information


Three dimensional (3D) printing technology by direct ink writing (DIW) is an innovative complex shaping technology, possessing advantages of flexibility in fabrication, high efficiency, low cost, and environmental-friendliness. Herein, 3D printing of complex alumina ceramic parts via DIW using thermally induced solidification with carrageenan swelling was investigated. The rheological properties of the slurry under different thermally-induced modes were systematically studied. The solidification properties of thermally-induced pastes with varying contents of carrageenan were optimized. The experimental results showed that the optimized paste consisting of 0.4 wt% carrageenan could be rapidly solidified at about 55 ℃, which could print inclined-plane more than 60° in vertical without support, resulting in better homogeneity of the green body. A nearly pore-free structure was obtained after sintering at 1600 ℃ for 2 h.


J Lewis. Direct ink writing of 3D functional materials. Adv Funct Mater 2006, 16: 2193-2204.
Z Qin, BG Compton, JA Lewis, et al. Structural optimization of 3D-printed synthetic spider webs for high strength. Nat Commun 2015, 6: 7038.
L Witek, Y Shi, J Smay. Controlling calcium and phosphate ion release of 3D printed bioactive ceramic scaffolds: An in vitro study. J Adv Ceram 2017, 6: 157-164.
DB Kolesky, RL Truby, AS Gladman, et al. 3D bioprinting of vascularized, heterogeneous cell-laden tissue constructs. Adv Mater 2014, 26: 3124-3130.
JM McCracken, A Badea, ME Kandel, et al. Programming mechanical and physicochemical properties of 3D hydrogel cellular microcultures via direct ink writing. Adv Healthcare Mater 2016, 5: 1025-1039.
A Sydney Gladman, EA Matsumoto, RG Nuzzo, et al. Biomimetic 4D printing. Nat Mater 2016, 15: 413-418.
G Siqueira, D Kokkinis, R Libanori, et al. Cellulose nanocrystal inks for 3D printing of textured cellular architectures. Adv Funct Mater 2017, 27: 1604619.
M Fu, K Chaudhary, JG Lange, et al. Anisotropic colloidal templating of 3D ceramic, semiconducting, metallic, and polymeric architectures. Adv Mater 2014, 26: 1740-1745.
NJ Zhou, CY Liu, JA Lewis, et al. Gigahertz electromagnetic structures via direct ink writing for radio-frequency oscillator and transmitter applications. Adv Mater 2017, 29: 1605198.
JT Muth, DM Vogt, RL Truby, et al. Embedded 3D printing of strain sensors within highly stretchable elastomers. Adv Mater 2014, 26: 6307-6312.
RD Sochol, E Sweet, CC Glick, et al. 3D printed microfluidics and microelectronics. Microelectron Eng 2018, 189: 52-68.
ZW Chen, JJ Li, CB Liu, et al. Preparation of high solid loading and low viscosity ceramic slurries for photopolymerization-based 3D printing. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 11549-11557.
M DeVries, G Subhash, A McGhee, et al. Quasi-static and dynamic response of 3D-printed alumina. J Eur Ceram Soc 2018, 38: 3305-3316.
ZW Chen, ZY Li, JJ Li, et al. 3D printing of ceramics: A review. J Eur Ceram Soc 2019, 39: 661-687.
Z Liu, K Song, B Gao, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al2O3/ZrO2 directionally solidified eutectic ceramic prepared by laser 3D printing. J Mater Sci Technol 2016, 32: 320-325.
M Stumpf, N Travitzky, P Greil, et al. Sol-gel infiltration of complex cellular indirect 3D printed alumina. J Eur Ceram Soc 2018, 38: 3603-3609.
HU Zengrong, CHEN Feng, XU Jiale, et al. 3D printing graphene-aluminum nanocomposites. J Alloys Compd 2018, 746: 269-276.
RJ He, GJ Ding, KQ Zhang, et al. Fabrication of SiC ceramic architectures using stereolithography combined with precursor infiltration and pyrolysis. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 14006-14014.
QF Zeng, CH Yang, DY Tang, et al. Additive manufacturing alumina components with lattice structures by digital light processing technique. J Mater Sci Technol 2019, 35: 2751-2755.
HP Shao, DC Zhao, T Lin, et al. 3D gel-printing of zirconia ceramic parts. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 13938-13942.
XY Ren, HP Shao, T Lin, et al. 3D gel-printing—An additive manufacturing method for producing complex shape parts. Mater Des 2016, 101: 80-87.
YL Shi, WQ Wang. 3D inkjet printing of the zirconia ceramic implanted teeth. Mater Lett 2020, 261: 127131.
N Li, S Huang, GD Zhang, et al. Progress in additive manufacturing on new materials: A review. J Mater Sci Technol 2019, 35: 242-269.
L Rueschhoff, W Costakis, M Michie, et al. Additive manufacturing of dense ceramic parts via direct ink writing of aqueous alumina suspensions. Int J Appl Ceram Technol 2016, 13: 821-830.
LN Deng, B Feng, Y Zhang. An optimization method for multi-objective and multi-factor designing of a ceramic slurry: Combining orthogonal experimental design with artificial neural networks. Ceram Int 2018, 44: 15918-15923.
LL Yang, XJ Zeng, Y Zhang. 3D printing of alumina ceramic parts by heat-induced solidification with carrageenan. Mater Lett 2019, 255: 126564.
P Krishnamoorthy. Sedimentation model and analysis for differential settling of two-particle-size suspensions in the Stokes region. Int J Sediment Res 2010, 25: 119-133.
PJ Pritchard. Fox and McDonald's Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 8th edn. Manhattan, USA: John Wiley Inc., 2011: 38-40.
E Gregorová, W Pabst, J Štětina. Viscoelastic behavior of ceramic suspensions with carrageenan. J Eur Ceram Soc 2006, 26: 1185-1194.
MH Ji. Algae Chemistry. Beijing, China: Science Press, 1997: 175-179. (in Chinese)
G Sason, A Nussinovitch. Characterization of κ-carrageenan gels immersed in ethanol solutions. Food Hydrocoll 2018, 79: 136-144.
N Tanusorn, N Thummarungsan, W Sangwan, et al. Influence of carrageenan molecular structures on electromechanical behaviours of poly(3-hexylthiophene)/ carrageenan conductive hydrogels. Int J Biol Macromol 2018, 118: 2098-2107.
MC Ortiz-Tafoya, A Rolland-Sabaté, C Garnier, et al. Thermal, conformational and rheological properties of κ-carrageenan sodium stearoyl lactylate gels and solutions. Carbohydr Polym 2018, 193: 289-297.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 312-319
Cite this article:
YANG L, ZENG X, DITTA A, et al. Preliminary 3D printing of large inclined-shaped alumina ceramic parts by direct ink writing. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2020, 9(3): 312-319.








Web of Science






Received: 07 January 2020
Revised: 23 February 2020
Accepted: 23 February 2020
Published: 05 June 2020
© The Author(s) 2020

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit