Journal Home > Volume 9 , issue 2

(Ba0.3Sr0.7)x(Bi0.5Na0.5)1-xTiO3 (BSxBNT, x = 0.3–0.8) ceramics were prepared to investigate their structure, dielectric and ferroelectric properties. BSxBNT ceramics possess pure perovskite structure accompanied from a tetragonal symmetry to pseudo-cubic one with the increase of x value, being confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman results. The Tm corresponding to a temperature in the vicinity of maximum dielectric constant gradually decreases from 110 ℃ (x = 0.3) to –45 ℃ (x = 0.8), across Tm = 36 ℃ (x = 0.5) with a maximum dielectric constant (ɛr = 5920 @1 kHz) around room temperature. The saturated polarization Ps gradually while the remnant polarization Pr sharply decreases with the increase of x value, making the PE hysteresis loop of BSxBNT ceramics goes slim. A maximum difference between Ps and Pr (PsPr) is obtained for BSxBNT ceramics with x = 0.5, at which a high recoverable energy density (Wrec = 1.04 J/cm3) is achieved under an applied electric field of 100 kV/cm with an efficiency of η = 77%. Meanwhile, the varied temperature P–E loops, fatigue measurements, and electric breakdown characteristics for the sample with x = 0.5 indicate that it is promising for pulsed power energy storage capacitor candidate materials.


menu
Abstract
Full text
Outline
About this article

PE hysteresis loop going slim in Ba0.3Sr0.7TiO3-modified Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 ceramics for energy storage applications

Show Author's information Dongxu LIaZong-Yang SHENa( )Zhipeng LIaWenqin LUOaXingcai WANGbZhumei WANGaFusheng SONGaYueming LIa
Energy Storage and Conversion Ceramic Materials Engineering Laboratory of Jiangxi Province, China National Light Industry Key Laboratory of Functional Ceramic Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute, Jingdezhen 333000, China
Chengdu Hongke Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610000, China

Abstract

(Ba0.3Sr0.7)x(Bi0.5Na0.5)1-xTiO3 (BSxBNT, x = 0.3–0.8) ceramics were prepared to investigate their structure, dielectric and ferroelectric properties. BSxBNT ceramics possess pure perovskite structure accompanied from a tetragonal symmetry to pseudo-cubic one with the increase of x value, being confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman results. The Tm corresponding to a temperature in the vicinity of maximum dielectric constant gradually decreases from 110 ℃ (x = 0.3) to –45 ℃ (x = 0.8), across Tm = 36 ℃ (x = 0.5) with a maximum dielectric constant (ɛr = 5920 @1 kHz) around room temperature. The saturated polarization Ps gradually while the remnant polarization Pr sharply decreases with the increase of x value, making the PE hysteresis loop of BSxBNT ceramics goes slim. A maximum difference between Ps and Pr (PsPr) is obtained for BSxBNT ceramics with x = 0.5, at which a high recoverable energy density (Wrec = 1.04 J/cm3) is achieved under an applied electric field of 100 kV/cm with an efficiency of η = 77%. Meanwhile, the varied temperature P–E loops, fatigue measurements, and electric breakdown characteristics for the sample with x = 0.5 indicate that it is promising for pulsed power energy storage capacitor candidate materials.

Keywords:

energy storage ceramics, Ba0.3Sr0.7TiO3 (BST), Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT), relaxor ferroelectrics, pulsed power capacitor
Received: 20 November 2019 Revised: 30 December 2019 Accepted: 02 January 2020 Published: 07 April 2020 Issue date: April 2020
References(40)
[1]
LT Yang, X Kong, F Li, et al. Perovskite lead-free dielectrics for energy storage applications. Prog Mater Sci 2019, 102: 72-108.
[2]
L Zhao, Q Liu, J Gao, et al. Lead-free antiferroelectric silver niobate tantalate with high energy storage performance. Adv Mater 2017, 29: 1701824.
[3]
ZH Yao, Z Song, H Hao, et al. Homogeneous/ inhomogeneous-structured dielectrics and their energy- storage performances. Adv Mater 2017, 29: 1601727.
[4]
QB Yuan, G Li, FZ Yao, et al. Simultaneously achieved temperature-insensitive high energy density and efficiency in domain engineered BaTiO3-Bi(Mg0.5Zr0.5)O3 lead-free relaxor ferroelectrics. Nano Energy 2018, 52: 203-210.
[5]
Q Li, FZ Yao, Y Liu, et al. High-temperature dielectric materials for electrical energy storage. Annu Rev Mater Res 2018, 48: 219-243.
[6]
YC Wu, YZ Fan, NT Liu, et al. Enhanced energy storage properties in sodium bismuth titanate-based ceramics for dielectric capacitor applications. J Mater Chem C 2019, 7: 6222-6230.
[7]
H Pan, F Li, Y Liu, et al. Ultrahigh-energy density lead-free dielectric films via polymorphic nanodomain design. Science 2019, 365: 578-582.
[8]
Y Huang, F Li, H Hao, et al. (Bi0.51Na0.47)TiO3 based lead free ceramics with high energy density and efficiency. J Materiomics 2019, 5: 385-393.
[9]
ZB Pan, D Hu, Y Zhang, et al. Achieving high discharge energy density and efficiency with NBT-based ceramics for application in capacitors. J Mater Chem C 2019, 7: 4072-4078.
[10]
Q Xu, Z Song, WL Tang, et al. Ultra-wide temperature stable dielectrics based on Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-NaNbO3 system. J Am Ceram Soc 2015, 98: 3119-3126.
[11]
F Gao, XL Dong, CL Mao, et al. Energy-storage properties of 0.89Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.06BaTiO3-0.05K0.5Na0.5NbO3 lead- free anti-ferroelectric ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2011, 94: 4382-4386.
[12]
JG Hao, B Shen, JW Zhai, et al. Switching of morphotropic phase boundary and large strain response in lead-free ternary (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–(K0.5Bi0.5)TiO3–(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 system. J Appl Phys 2013, 113: 114106.
[13]
WP Cao, WL Li, TD Zhang, et al. High-energy storage density and efficiency of (1–x)[0.94 NBT-0.06 BT]-xST lead-free ceramics. Energy Technol 2015, 3: 1198-1204.
[14]
LT Yang, X Kong, ZX Cheng, et al. Ultra-high energy storage performance with mitigated polarization saturation in lead-free relaxors. J Mater Chem A 2019, 7: 8573-8580.
[15]
HB Yang, PF Liu, F Yan, et al. A novel lead-free ceramic with layered structure for high energy storage applications. J Alloys Compd 2019, 773: 244-249.
[16]
F Li, JW Zhai, B Shen, et al. Simultaneously high-energy storage density and responsivity in quasi-hysteresis-free Mn-doped Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-(Sr0.7Bi0.2□0.1)TiO3 ergodic relaxor ceramics. Mater Res Lett 2018, 6: 345-352.
[17]
F Li, K Yang, X Liu, et al. Temperature induced high charge-discharge performances in lead-free Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3- based ergodic relaxor ferroelectric ceramics. Scr Mater 2017, 141: 15-19.
[18]
R Roukos, N Zaiter, D Chaumont. Relaxor behaviour and phase transition of perovskite ferroelectrics-type complex oxides (1–x)Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3–xCaTiO3 system. J Adv Ceram 2018, 7: 124-142.
[19]
Y Ye, SC Zhang, F Dogan, et al. Influence of nanocrystalline grain size on the breakdown strength of ceramic dielectrics. In Proceedings of the. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, Dallas, Texas, USA, 2003, 711: 719–722.
[20]
Y Wang, ZY Shen, YM Li, et al. Optimization of energy storage density and efficiency in BaxSr1-xTiO3 (x≤0.4) paraelectric ceramics. Ceram Int 2015, 41: 8252-8256.
[21]
ZY Shen, Y Wang, YX Tang, et al. Glass modified Barium strontium titanate ceramics for energy storage capacitor at elevated temperatures. J Materiomics 2019, 5: 641-648.
[22]
RD Shannon. Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides. Acta Cryst Sect A 1976, 32: 751-767.
[23]
D Rout, KS Moon, SJL Kang, et al. Dielectric and Raman scattering studies of phase transitions in the (100–x)Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3–xSrTiO3 system. J Appl Phys 2010, 108: 084102.
[24]
J Petzelt, S Kamba, J Fábry, et al. Infrared, Raman and high-frequency dielectric spectroscopy and the phase transitions in Na1/2Bi1/2TiO3. J Phys: Condens Matter 2004, 16: 2719-2731.
[25]
J Kreisel, AM Glazer, G Jones, et al. An X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy investigation of A-site substituted perovskite compounds: The (Na1-xKx)0.5Bi0.5TiO3(0 ≤ x ≤ 1) solid solution. J Phys: Condens Matter 2000, 12: 3267-3280.
[26]
Y Mendez-González, A Peláiz-Barranco, AL Curcio, et al. Raman spectroscopy study of the La-modified (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.92Ba0.08TiO3 lead-free ceramic system. J Raman Spectrosc 2019, 50: 1044-1050.
[27]
J Wang, ZH Zhou, JM Xue. Phase transition, ferroelectric behaviors and domain structures of (Na1/2Bi1/2)1−xTiPbxO3 thin films. Acta Mater 2006, 54: 1691-1698.
[28]
J Kreisel, AM Glazer, P Bouvier, et al. High-pressure Raman study of a relaxor ferroelectric: TheNa0.5Bi0.5TiO3 perovskite. Phys Rev B 2001, 63: 174106.
[29]
F Li, JW Zhai, B Shen, et al. Influence of structural evolution on energy storage properties in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3- SrTiO3-NaNbO3 lead-free ferroelectric ceramics. J Appl Phys 2017, 121: 054103.
[30]
J Fu, RZ Zuo. Giant electrostrains accompanying the evolution of a relaxor behavior in Bi(Mg,Ti)O3- PbZrO3-PbTiO3 ferroelectric ceramics. Acta Mater 2013, 61: 3687-3694.
[31]
LE Cross. Relaxor ferroelectrics. Ferroelectrics 1987, 76: 241-267.
[32]
MA Beuerlein, N Kumar, TM Usher, et al. Current understanding of structure–processing–property relationships in BaTiO3–Bi(M)O3 dielectrics. J Am Ceram Soc 2016, 99: 2849-2870.
[33]
XL Chen, X Li, HF Zhou, et al. Phase evolution, microstructure, electric properties of (Ba1-xBi0.67xNa0.33x) (Ti1-xBi0.33xSn0.67x)O3 ceramics. J Adv Ceram 2019, 8: 427-437.
[34]
WP Cao, WL Li, XF Dai, et al. Large electrocaloric response and high energy-storage properties over a broad temperature range in lead-free NBT-ST ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 593-600.
[35]
H Qi, RZ Zuo. Linear-like lead-free relaxor antiferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–NaNbO3 with giant energy-storage density/efficiency and super stability against temperature and frequency. J Mater Chem A 2019, 7: 3971-3978.
[36]
WL Zhao, RZ Zuo, J Fu, et al. Enhanced rhombohedral domain switching and low field driven high electromechanical strain response in BiFeO3-based relaxor ferroelectric ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 2453-2460.
[37]
BB Yan, HQ Fan, C Wang, et al. Giant electro-strain and enhanced energy storage performance of (Y0.5Ta0.5)4+ co-doped 0.94(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-0.06BaTiO3 lead-free ceramics. Ceram Int 2020, 46: 281-288.
[38]
Q Li, WM Zhang, C Wang, et al. Enhanced energy-storage performance of (1–x)(0.72Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.28Bi0.2Sr0.7□0.1TiO3)- xLa ceramics. J Alloys Compd 2019, 775: 116-123.
[39]
NS Zhao, HQ Fan, XH Ren, et al. Dielectric, impedance and piezoelectric properties of (K0.5Nd0.5)TiO3-doped 0.67BiFeO3-0.33BaTiO3 ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2019, 39: 4096-4102.
[40]
NS Zhao, HQ Fan, L Ning, et al. Temperature-stable dielectric and energy storage properties of La(Ti0.5Mg0.5)O3- doped (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-(Sr0.7Bi0.2)TiO3 lead-free ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2018, 101: 5578-5585.
Publication history
Copyright
Acknowledgements
Rights and permissions

Publication history

Received: 20 November 2019
Revised: 30 December 2019
Accepted: 02 January 2020
Published: 07 April 2020
Issue date: April 2020

Copyright

© The author(s) 2020

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51767010), Science & Technology Key Research Project of Jiangxi Provincial Education Department (GJJ170760), and Graduate Student Innovation Fund of Jiangxi Province (YC2018- S295).

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.

Return