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Research Article | Open Access

Molten salt synthesis, formation mechanism, and oxidation behavior of nanocrystalline HfB2 powders

Da LIUaQiangang FUbYanhui CHUa( )
School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Nanocrystalline HfB2 powders were successfully synthesized by molten salt synthesis technique at 1373 K using B and HfO2 as precursors within KCl/NaCl molten salts. The results showed that the as-synthesized powders exhibited an irregular polyhedral morphology with the average particle size of 155 nm and possessed a single-crystalline structure. From a fundamental aspect, we demonstrated the molten-salt assisted formation mechanism that the molten salts could accelerate the diffusion rate of the reactants and improve the chemical reaction rate of the reactants in the system to induce the synthesis of the high-purity nanocrystalline powders. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the oxidation of the as-synthesized HfB2 powders at 773–1073 K in air was the weight gain process and the corresponding oxidation behavior followed parabolic kinetics governed by the diffusion of oxygen in the oxide layer.


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Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 35-44
Cite this article:
LIU D, FU Q, CHU Y. Molten salt synthesis, formation mechanism, and oxidation behavior of nanocrystalline HfB2 powders. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2020, 9(1): 35-44.








Web of Science






Received: 01 April 2019
Revised: 19 June 2019
Accepted: 20 July 2019
Published: 05 February 2020
© The author(s) 2019

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