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Polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs) strategy shows a great deal of advantages for the fabrication of advanced ceramics. Organosilicon polymers facilitate the shaping process and different silicon-based ceramics with controllable components can be fabricated by modifying organosilicon polymers or adding fillers. It is worth noting that silicate ceramics can also be fabricated from organosilicon polymers by the introduction of active fillers, which could react with the produced silica during pyrolysis. The organosilicon polymer-derived ceramics show many unique properties, which have attracted many attentions in various fields. This review summarizes the typical organosilicon polymers and the processing of organosilicon polymers to fabricate silicon-based ceramics, especially highlights the three-dimensional (3D) printing technique for shaping the organosilicon polymer-derived ceramics, which makes the possibility to fabricate silicon-based ceramics with complex structure. More importantly, the recent studies on fabricating typical non-oxide and silicate ceramics derived from organosilicon polymers and their biomedical applications are highlighted.


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Organosilicon polymer-derived ceramics: An overview

Show Author's information Shengyang FUMin ZHU( )Yufang ZHU( )
School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China

Abstract

Polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs) strategy shows a great deal of advantages for the fabrication of advanced ceramics. Organosilicon polymers facilitate the shaping process and different silicon-based ceramics with controllable components can be fabricated by modifying organosilicon polymers or adding fillers. It is worth noting that silicate ceramics can also be fabricated from organosilicon polymers by the introduction of active fillers, which could react with the produced silica during pyrolysis. The organosilicon polymer-derived ceramics show many unique properties, which have attracted many attentions in various fields. This review summarizes the typical organosilicon polymers and the processing of organosilicon polymers to fabricate silicon-based ceramics, especially highlights the three-dimensional (3D) printing technique for shaping the organosilicon polymer-derived ceramics, which makes the possibility to fabricate silicon-based ceramics with complex structure. More importantly, the recent studies on fabricating typical non-oxide and silicate ceramics derived from organosilicon polymers and their biomedical applications are highlighted.

Keywords:

polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs), organosilicon polymers, 3D printing, silicon-based ceramics
Received: 04 January 2019 Revised: 22 April 2019 Accepted: 22 April 2019 Published: 04 December 2019 Issue date: December 2019
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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 04 January 2019
Revised: 22 April 2019
Accepted: 22 April 2019
Published: 04 December 2019
Issue date: December 2019

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© The author(s) 2019

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51872185), the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (Grant No. 17060502400), and the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology (Grant No. 2017KJFZ010).

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