AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
View PDF
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Preparation and arc erosion properties of Ag/Ti2SnC composites under electric arc discharging

Jianxiang DINGaWubian TIANa( )Peigen ZHANGaMin ZHANGaJian CHENaYamei ZHANGbZhengming SUNa,b( )
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Construction Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
Show Author Information


New Ag/Ti2SnC (Ag/TSC) composites with uniform microstructure were prepared by powder metallurgy. The superior wettability between Ag and Ti2SnC was confirmed with a contact angle of 14°. Arc erosion properties of Ag/10wt%Ti2SnC (Ag/10TSC) and Ag/20wt%Ti2SnC (Ag/ 20TSC) contacts were investigated under 400 V/100 A/AC-3 and compared with Ag/CdO contact. The Ag/10TSC contact exhibited comparable arc erosion property to Ag/CdO contact. The fine arc erosion resistance was attributed to the good wettability between Ti2SnC and Ag, the good heat-conducting property of Ag/10TSC, and the slight decomposition of Ti2SnC that absorbed part of electric arc energy. The excessive Ti2SnC significantly decreased the thermal conducting property of the Ag/20TSC composite, resulting in the severe heat accumulation that decomposed Ti2SnC and deteriorated arc erosion property. The oxidation behavior of Ti2SnC under high electric arc temperature was also studied and then an arc erosion mechanism was proposed to get a comprehensive understanding on the arc erosion property of Ag/TSC composites.


S Biyik, F Arslan, M Aydin. Arc-erosion behavior of boric oxide-reinforced silver-based electrical contact materials produced by mechanical alloying. J Electron Mater 2015, 44: 457-466.
X Hao, X Wang, S Zhou, et al. Microstructure and properties of silver matrix composites reinforced with Ag-doped graphene. Mater Chem Phys 2018, 215: 327-331.
O Nilsson, F Hauner, D Jeannot. Replacement of AgCdO by AgSnO2 in DC contactors. In Proceedings of the 50th IEEE Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts and the 22nd International Conference on Electrical Contacts, 2004: 70-74.
X Wang, G Li, J Zou, et al. Investigation on preparation, microstructure, and properties of AgTiB2 composite. J Compos Mater 2011, 45: 1285-1293.
J Śleziona, J Wieczorek, M Dyzia. Mechanical properties of silver matrix composites reinforced with ceramic particles. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 2006, 17: 165-168.
MW Barsoum. The MN+1AXN phases: A new class of solids: Thermodynamically stable nanolaminates. Prog Solid State Chem 2000, 28: 201-281.
J Ding, WB Tian, P Zhang, et al. Arc erosion behavior of Ag/Ti3AlC2 electrical contact materials. J Alloys Compd 2018, 740: 669-676.
W Jeitschko, H Nowotny, F Benesovsky. Carbides of formula T2MC. J Less-Common Met 1964, 7: 133-138.
MW Barsoum, G Yaroschuk, S Tyagi. Fabrication and characterization of M2SnC (M = Ti, Zr, Hf and Nb). Scripta Mater 1997, 37: 1583-1591.
T El-Raghy, S Chakraborty, MW Barsoum. Synthesis and characterization of Hf2PbC, Zr2PbC and M2SnC (M = Ti, Hf, Nb or Zr). J Eur Ceram Soc 2000, 20: 2619-2625.
Y Zhou, H Dong, X Wang, et al. Preparation of Ti2SnC by solid-liquid reaction synthesis and simultaneous densification method. Mater Res Innov 2002, 6: 219-225.
J Wu, Y Zhou, C Yan. Mechanical and electrical properties of Ti2SnC dispersion-strengthened copper. Zeitschrift für Metallkunde 2005, 96: 847-852.
JR Lu, Y Zhou, Y Zheng, et al. Interface structure and wetting behaviour of Cu/Ti3SiC2 system. Adv Appl Ceram 2015, 114: 39-44.
Y Wang, H Li. Improved workability of the nanocomposited AgSnO2 contact material and its microstructure control during the arcing process. Metall Mater Trans A 2017, 48: 609-616.
J Wang, W Liu, D Li, et al. The behavior and effect of CuO in Ag/SnO2 materials. J Alloys Compd 2014, 588: 378-383.
J Ding, P Zhang, WB Tian, et al. The effects of Sn content on the microstructure and the formation mechanism of Ti2SnC powder by pressureless synthesis. J Alloys Compd 2017, 695: 2850-2856.
I Karakaya, WT Thompson, The Ag-Sn (silver-tin) system. Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams 1987, 8: 340-347.
YC Zhou, HY Dong, XH Wang. High-temperature oxidation behavior of a polycrystalline Ti2SnC ceramic. Oxid Met 2004, 61: 365-377.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 90-101
Cite this article:
DING J, TIAN W, ZHANG P, et al. Preparation and arc erosion properties of Ag/Ti2SnC composites under electric arc discharging. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2019, 8(1): 90-101.








Web of Science






Received: 21 June 2018
Revised: 17 August 2018
Accepted: 02 September 2018
Published: 13 March 2019
© The author(s) 2019

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit