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In this paper, the synthesis of Ti3SiC2 from SiC/Ti powder using reactive spark plasma sintering (R-SPS) in the temperature range of 1300-1400 ℃ is reported. The results show that the purity of Ti3SiC2 is improved up to 75 wt% when the holding time is increased from 10 to 20 min at 1400 ℃. The thermodynamic and experimental results indicate that Ti3SiC2 formation takes place via the reaction of a pre-formed TiC phase with the silicides, formed from the eutectic compositions. Detailed analysis of mechanical behaviour indicates that samples with higher percentage of secondary phases exhibit higher microhardness and better resistance compared to the near single phase Ti3SiC2.


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Physico-chemical and mechanical properties of Ti3SiC2-based materials elaborated from SiC/Ti by reactive spark plasma sintering

Show Author's information Faten TURKIa( )Houyem ABDERRAZAKaFrédéric SCHOENSTEINbFlorent TÊTARDbMohieddine ABDELLAOUIaNoureddine JOUINIb
Laboratoire des Matériaux Utiles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-chimique, Pôle Technologique de Sidi Thabet 2020, Tunisie
Laboratoire de Sciences des Procédés et Matériaux, Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS, UPR 3407, 99 Avenue J.B. Clément, 93430 Villetaneuse, France

Abstract

In this paper, the synthesis of Ti3SiC2 from SiC/Ti powder using reactive spark plasma sintering (R-SPS) in the temperature range of 1300-1400 ℃ is reported. The results show that the purity of Ti3SiC2 is improved up to 75 wt% when the holding time is increased from 10 to 20 min at 1400 ℃. The thermodynamic and experimental results indicate that Ti3SiC2 formation takes place via the reaction of a pre-formed TiC phase with the silicides, formed from the eutectic compositions. Detailed analysis of mechanical behaviour indicates that samples with higher percentage of secondary phases exhibit higher microhardness and better resistance compared to the near single phase Ti3SiC2.

Keywords:

Ti3SiC2, reactive spark plasma sintering (R-SPS), density, mechanical properties.
Received: 11 April 2018 Revised: 12 June 2018 Accepted: 09 July 2018 Published: 13 March 2019 Issue date: March 2019
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Publication history

Received: 11 April 2018
Revised: 12 June 2018
Accepted: 09 July 2018
Published: 13 March 2019
Issue date: March 2019

Copyright

© The author(s) 2019

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Jennifer Morrice, a former colleague of the University Paris 13, for her help in proofreading and improving the English style and expressions of the manuscript.

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