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The surface modification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was carried out using plasma treatment. The microstructures of the prepared cermets with different additions of MWCNTs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Mechanical properties such as transverse rupture strength (TRS), fracture toughness (KIC), and hardness (HRA) were measured. The results showed that some reactive groups were successfully modified on the surface of MWCNTs, resulting in the improvement of dispersibility. Most of the amorphous carbons and impurities were peeled from the MWCNTs. Increasing MWCNT addition decreased the dissolution of tungsten, titanium, and molybdenum in the binder phase. The cermet with 0.5 wt% MWCNT addition showed the highest TRS and fracture toughness. The strengthening mechanisms were attributed to the finer grain size, the homogeneous microstructure, and the higher volume fraction of binder phase in the binder. The toughening mechanisms were characterized by bridging and pulling-out.


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Effect of multi-walled carbon nanotube addition on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Ti(C,N)-based cermets

Show Author's information P. WU( )S. C. LIUX. R. JIANG
College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Longyan University, Longyan 364000, China

Abstract

The surface modification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was carried out using plasma treatment. The microstructures of the prepared cermets with different additions of MWCNTs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Mechanical properties such as transverse rupture strength (TRS), fracture toughness (KIC), and hardness (HRA) were measured. The results showed that some reactive groups were successfully modified on the surface of MWCNTs, resulting in the improvement of dispersibility. Most of the amorphous carbons and impurities were peeled from the MWCNTs. Increasing MWCNT addition decreased the dissolution of tungsten, titanium, and molybdenum in the binder phase. The cermet with 0.5 wt% MWCNT addition showed the highest TRS and fracture toughness. The strengthening mechanisms were attributed to the finer grain size, the homogeneous microstructure, and the higher volume fraction of binder phase in the binder. The toughening mechanisms were characterized by bridging and pulling-out.

Keywords:

Ti(C,N)-based cermets, microstructure, mechanical property, fracture toughness
Received: 19 December 2017 Accepted: 25 December 2017 Published: 20 January 2018 Issue date: March 2018
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Publication history

Received: 19 December 2017
Accepted: 25 December 2017
Published: 20 January 2018
Issue date: March 2018

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© The author(s) 2017

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