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Tribological property of c-axis textured shell-like Ti3AlC2 ceramic was investigated using reciprocating sliding balls (SUS304) under loads of 1, 5, and 9 N. It was found that the textured top surface (TTS), corresponding to the (000l) plane, shows the lowest mean coefficient of friction in comparison with those measured on the textured side surface (TSS), where the sliding directions are parallel (TSS-1) and perpendicular (TSS-2) to c axis, under the same load. Among all the tested orientations, the TSS-2 exhibited the lowest wear rate of 1.51×10-3 mm3/(N·m) under the load of 9 N. The worn mechanisms on the TTS and TSS-1 were delamination, grain fracture, and grain spalling-off. On the TSS-2, plowing effect against balls was the dominating mechanism. This work suggests the criteria to maximize the wear resistance in the load range of 1-9 N.


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Effect of texture microstructure on tribological properties of tailored Ti3AlC2 ceramic

Show Author's information Ludi XUaDegui ZHUaSalvatore GRASSObTohru S. SUZUKIcAkira KASAHARAcMasahiro TOSAcByung-nam KIMcYoshio SAKKAcMinhao ZHUaChunfeng HUa( )
Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
School of Engineering and Material Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan

Abstract

Tribological property of c-axis textured shell-like Ti3AlC2 ceramic was investigated using reciprocating sliding balls (SUS304) under loads of 1, 5, and 9 N. It was found that the textured top surface (TTS), corresponding to the (000l) plane, shows the lowest mean coefficient of friction in comparison with those measured on the textured side surface (TSS), where the sliding directions are parallel (TSS-1) and perpendicular (TSS-2) to c axis, under the same load. Among all the tested orientations, the TSS-2 exhibited the lowest wear rate of 1.51×10-3 mm3/(N·m) under the load of 9 N. The worn mechanisms on the TTS and TSS-1 were delamination, grain fracture, and grain spalling-off. On the TSS-2, plowing effect against balls was the dominating mechanism. This work suggests the criteria to maximize the wear resistance in the load range of 1-9 N.

Keywords:

tailored Ti3AlC2, mean coefficient of friction, wear rate, worn mechanisms
Received: 08 January 2017 Revised: 14 March 2017 Accepted: 17 March 2017 Published: 03 June 2017 Issue date: June 2017
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Publication history

Received: 08 January 2017
Revised: 14 March 2017
Accepted: 17 March 2017
Published: 03 June 2017
Issue date: June 2017

Copyright

© The author(s) 2017

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by "ChuYing" Program of Southwest Jiaotong University and Thousand Talents Program of Sichuan Province. Also, we thank for the supports of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. U1232136 and 91226202), Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research B (No. 23350104) from Japan Society for the Promotion Science, the Fundamental Research Program of Korean Institute of Materials Science (KIMS), and UK EPSRC Material Systems for Extreme Environments Programme Grant (EP/K008749/1, XMat).

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