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In this study, bulk samples of multiferroic with compositional formula, BiFeO3 and Bi0.825A0.175FeO3 (A=La, Pb), were synthesized by solid state reaction route. X-ray diffraction (XRD) along with the Rietveld refinement revealed the distorted rhombohedral (R3c) structure for pristine BiFeO3 and Bi0.825La0.175FeO3 and tetragonal (P4/mmm) for Bi0.825Pb0.175FeO3 ceramic. To support the structural results, bond length between atoms for both of the compounds was calculated. A change in Raman mode position in BiFeO3 (BFO) has been observed with La and Pb substitution from Raman scattering measurements and also recommended a structural change with rare earth and metal ion substitution at Bi site. From the frequency dependent dielectric constant and dielectric loss plots, a decrease in dielectric values with increase in frequency was observed for both of the samples. For microelectronic devices, porous ceramics with lower value of dielectric constant are most useful. Thus, further studies are also needed to carefully tune the magnetoelectric properties and structural distortion after La/Pb substitution in BFO.


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Rare earth (La) and metal ion (Pb) substitution induced structural and multiferroic properties of bismuth ferrite

Show Author's information Poorva SHARMAaAshwini KUMARa,bDinesh VARSHNEYa( )
Materials Science Laboratory, School of Physics, Vigyan Bhawan, Devi Ahilya University, Khandwa Road Campus, Indore 452001, India
Department of Physics, Southeast University, Jiangning District, Nanjing 211189, China

Abstract

In this study, bulk samples of multiferroic with compositional formula, BiFeO3 and Bi0.825A0.175FeO3 (A=La, Pb), were synthesized by solid state reaction route. X-ray diffraction (XRD) along with the Rietveld refinement revealed the distorted rhombohedral (R3c) structure for pristine BiFeO3 and Bi0.825La0.175FeO3 and tetragonal (P4/mmm) for Bi0.825Pb0.175FeO3 ceramic. To support the structural results, bond length between atoms for both of the compounds was calculated. A change in Raman mode position in BiFeO3 (BFO) has been observed with La and Pb substitution from Raman scattering measurements and also recommended a structural change with rare earth and metal ion substitution at Bi site. From the frequency dependent dielectric constant and dielectric loss plots, a decrease in dielectric values with increase in frequency was observed for both of the samples. For microelectronic devices, porous ceramics with lower value of dielectric constant are most useful. Thus, further studies are also needed to carefully tune the magnetoelectric properties and structural distortion after La/Pb substitution in BFO.

Keywords:

ceramics, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, dielectric properties
Received: 16 April 2015 Revised: 10 July 2015 Accepted: 14 July 2015 Published: 24 November 2015 Issue date: April 2015
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Publication history

Received: 16 April 2015
Revised: 10 July 2015
Accepted: 14 July 2015
Published: 24 November 2015
Issue date: April 2015

Copyright

© The author(s) 2015

Acknowledgements

UGC-DAE-CSR as an institute is acknowledged for extending its facilities and financial assistance. Authors are thankful to Dr. M. Gupta and Dr. V. Sathe of UGC-DAE-CSR, Indore, for useful discussions.

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