In our previous work, anisotropic chemical bonding, low shear deformation resistance, damage tolerance ability, low thermal conductivity, and moderate thermal expansion coefficient of Y4Al2O9 (YAM) were predicted. In this work, phase-pure YAM powders were synthesized by solid-state reaction between Y2O3 and Al2O3 and bulk YAM ceramics were prepared by hot-pressing method. Lattice parameters and a new set of X-ray powder diffraction data were obtained by Rietveld refinement. The mechanical and thermal properties of dense YAM ceramics were investigated. The measured elastic moduli are close to the theoretical predicted values and the stiffness can be maintained up to 1400 ℃. The flexural strength and fracture toughness are 252.1±7.3 MPa and 3.36±0.20 MPa·m1/2, respectively. Damage tolerance of YAM was also experimentally proved. The measured average linear thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of YAM is 7.37×10-6 K-1, which is very close to the theoretical predicted value. Using high-temperature X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, volumetric TEC is determined (23.37±1.61)×10-6 K-1 and the anisotropic TEC are αa = 7.34×10-6 K-1, αb = 7.54×10-6 K-1, and αc = 7.61×10-6 K-1.
This work was supported by the National Outstanding Young Scientist Foundation for Y. C. Zhou under Grant No. 59925208, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 50832008 and U1435206.
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