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The novel ceramic/metal composite materials were successfully fabricated by combustion synthesis in high gravity field. In this paper, the Ti–B4C was selected as the main combustion reaction system to obtain TiB2–TiC ceramic substrate, and the 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel was selected as the metal substrate. It was found that the TiB2–TiC/1Cr18Ni9Ti composite materials exhibited continuously graded composition and hybrid microstructure. The TiC1-x carbides and TiB2 platelets decreased gradually in size and volume fraction from the ceramic to stainless steel. Due to the rapid action of thermal explosion as well as the dissolution of the molten stainless steel into TiB2–TiC liquid, the diffusion-controlled concentration gradient from the ceramic liquid to the alloy liquid was observed. Finally, as a result of the rapid sequent solidification of the ceramic liquid and the melt alloy surface, the laminated composite materials were achieved in multilevel, scale-span hybrid microstructure.


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Fusion bonding and microstructure formation in TiB2-based ceramic/metal composite materials fabricated by combustion synthesis under high gravity

Show Author's information Xuegang HUANGa( )Jie HUANGaZhongmin ZHAObLong ZHANGbJunyan WUb
Hypervelocity Aerodynamics Institute, China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Mianyang 621000, China
Department of Vehicle and Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering College, Shijiazhuang 050003, China

Abstract

The novel ceramic/metal composite materials were successfully fabricated by combustion synthesis in high gravity field. In this paper, the Ti–B4C was selected as the main combustion reaction system to obtain TiB2–TiC ceramic substrate, and the 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel was selected as the metal substrate. It was found that the TiB2–TiC/1Cr18Ni9Ti composite materials exhibited continuously graded composition and hybrid microstructure. The TiC1-x carbides and TiB2 platelets decreased gradually in size and volume fraction from the ceramic to stainless steel. Due to the rapid action of thermal explosion as well as the dissolution of the molten stainless steel into TiB2–TiC liquid, the diffusion-controlled concentration gradient from the ceramic liquid to the alloy liquid was observed. Finally, as a result of the rapid sequent solidification of the ceramic liquid and the melt alloy surface, the laminated composite materials were achieved in multilevel, scale-span hybrid microstructure.

Keywords:

combustion synthesis, high gravity field, TiB2–TiC/1Cr18Ni9Ti, hybrid microstructure
Received: 18 September 2014 Revised: 07 December 2014 Accepted: 09 December 2014 Published: 30 May 2015 Issue date: June 2015
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Publication history

Received: 18 September 2014
Revised: 07 December 2014
Accepted: 09 December 2014
Published: 30 May 2015
Issue date: June 2015

Copyright

© The author(s) 2015

Acknowledgements

This work is sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51072229).

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