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Research Article | Open Access

Fusion bonding and microstructure formation in TiB2-based ceramic/metal composite materials fabricated by combustion synthesis under high gravity

Xuegang HUANGa( )Jie HUANGaZhongmin ZHAObLong ZHANGbJunyan WUb
Hypervelocity Aerodynamics Institute, China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Mianyang 621000, China
Department of Vehicle and Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering College, Shijiazhuang 050003, China
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Abstract

The novel ceramic/metal composite materials were successfully fabricated by combustion synthesis in high gravity field. In this paper, the Ti–B4C was selected as the main combustion reaction system to obtain TiB2–TiC ceramic substrate, and the 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel was selected as the metal substrate. It was found that the TiB2–TiC/1Cr18Ni9Ti composite materials exhibited continuously graded composition and hybrid microstructure. The TiC1-x carbides and TiB2 platelets decreased gradually in size and volume fraction from the ceramic to stainless steel. Due to the rapid action of thermal explosion as well as the dissolution of the molten stainless steel into TiB2–TiC liquid, the diffusion-controlled concentration gradient from the ceramic liquid to the alloy liquid was observed. Finally, as a result of the rapid sequent solidification of the ceramic liquid and the melt alloy surface, the laminated composite materials were achieved in multilevel, scale-span hybrid microstructure.

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Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 103-110
Cite this article:
HUANG X, HUANG J, ZHAO Z, et al. Fusion bonding and microstructure formation in TiB2-based ceramic/metal composite materials fabricated by combustion synthesis under high gravity. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2015, 4(2): 103-110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-015-0137-1

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Received: 18 September 2014
Revised: 07 December 2014
Accepted: 09 December 2014
Published: 30 May 2015
© The author(s) 2015

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

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