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Research Article | Open Access

Mechanical properties of stabilized zirconia nanocrystalline EB-PVD coating evaluated by micro and nano indentation

Meysam Keshavarz*( )Mohd Hasbullah IDRISNorhayati AHMAD
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
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Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thin nanocrystalline coatings at different substrate preheating temperatures were deposited via electron beam-physical vapour deposition (EB-PVD). Nanocrystalline ZrO2–Y2O3 was deposited on the bond coat in order to compensate for the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), which can be functionalized as a thermal barrier coating (TBC). The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanical properties with respect to adhesion of zirconia nanocrystalline’s top ceramic layer to the interfacial bond coat by utilizing micro and nano indentation tests. In the present paper, the structural studies were carried out using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of coating content (8 mol% of Y2O3). The tetragonal phase of stabilized zirconia was observed. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were employed to characterize the coatings’ morphology and microstructure. The mechanical behavior of ZrO2–Y2O3 thin films under point loading conditions was studied by nanoindentation using a Berkovich indenter with 130 nm tip radius. Therefore, adhesion of top coat to the interfacial underlying metallic bond coat known as MCrAlY (M = Ni, Co) was estimated according to the highest peak load tests; for a 120 mN peak load, the film manifested tolerable adhesion properties. Moreover, nanoindentation of ZrO2–Y2O3 nanostructure deposited at 1050 ℃ substrate preheating temperature produced the highest hardness value of about 21.7 GPa. Vickers micro hardness was utilized with the aid of the Tabor equation in order to achieve deeper insight into the correlation between adhesion and deposition process parameters.


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Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 333-340
Cite this article:
Keshavarz M, IDRIS MH, AHMAD N. Mechanical properties of stabilized zirconia nanocrystalline EB-PVD coating evaluated by micro and nano indentation. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2013, 2(4): 333-340.








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Received: 16 May 2013
Revised: 25 August 2013
Accepted: 26 August 2013
Published: 04 December 2013
© The author(s) 2013

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.