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Polycarbosilane (PCS) has been widely used to fabricate silicon carbide (SiC) fibers via pyrolysis. In this paper, for improving the morphology of SiC fibers, tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS, m = 1 g, 3 g and 5 g, respectively) was added into the PCS precursor solution (containing 1.5 g PCS). The continuous fibers have been prepared by electrospinning, and then the SiC fibers were synthesized by calcination at 1300 ℃, 1400 ℃ and 1600 ℃ for 4 h respectively with a heating rate of 10 ℃/min in flowing nitrogen (N2). The morphologies of the fibers were investigated by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and it could be seen that the crystallinity of the SiC fibers was lower, the length of the SiC fibers was increased, and the diameter was uniform with the increase of the addition amount of TEOS.


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Effect of the addition of TEOS on the SiC fibers fabricated by electrospinning

Show Author's information Jiayan LIPanpan CAOYi TAN*( )Lei ZHANG
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

Abstract

Polycarbosilane (PCS) has been widely used to fabricate silicon carbide (SiC) fibers via pyrolysis. In this paper, for improving the morphology of SiC fibers, tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS, m = 1 g, 3 g and 5 g, respectively) was added into the PCS precursor solution (containing 1.5 g PCS). The continuous fibers have been prepared by electrospinning, and then the SiC fibers were synthesized by calcination at 1300 ℃, 1400 ℃ and 1600 ℃ for 4 h respectively with a heating rate of 10 ℃/min in flowing nitrogen (N2). The morphologies of the fibers were investigated by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and it could be seen that the crystallinity of the SiC fibers was lower, the length of the SiC fibers was increased, and the diameter was uniform with the increase of the addition amount of TEOS.

Keywords:

silicon carbide (SiC), tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), electrospinning, fibers
Received: 02 April 2013 Revised: 24 April 2013 Accepted: 25 April 2013 Published: 07 September 2013 Issue date: September 2013
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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 02 April 2013
Revised: 24 April 2013
Accepted: 25 April 2013
Published: 07 September 2013
Issue date: September 2013

Copyright

© The author(s) 2013

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. DUT12LAB03), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51104028), and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (20110041120031).

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