AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
PDF (1.2 MB)
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Characterization of yttria-stabilized zirconia films deposited by dip-coating on La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 substrate: Influence of synthesis parameters

Jacqueline C. MARREROaNielson F. P. RIBEIROaCélia F. MALFATTIbMariana M. V. M. SOUZA*,a( )
Escola de Química—Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Centro de Tecnologia, Bloco E, sala 206, Ilha do Fundão, CEP 21941-909, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Departamento de Metalurgia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Campus do Vale, Setor 4, Prédio 75, Sala 234, CEP 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Show Author Information


Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ, ZrO2–8%Y2O3) films were deposited onto lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM, La0.7Sr0.3MnO3) substrates using dip-coating process aiming for the application in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). YSZ precursor was prepared by sol–gel method; three values of the organic/inorganic concentration ratio (1, 3 and 5) were utilized and the sol viscosity was adjusted (60 mPa·s and 100 mPa·s) before deposition on the substrate. The influence of these synthesis parameters on the structure and morphology of the deposited films was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The films showed characteristic peaks of LSM, YSZ (with cubic structure) and secondary phases of SrZrO3 and La2O3. Depending on the synthesis conditions, crack-free, homogeneous and well adhered films were obtained, with thickness of 11–24 μm.


Yamamoto O. Solid oxide fuel cells: Fundamental aspects and prospects. Electrochim Acta 2000, 45: 2423–2435.
Yang K, Shen JH, Yang KY, et al. Characterization of the yttria-stabilized zirconia thin film electrophoretic deposited on La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 substrate. J Alloys Compd 2007, 436: 351–357.
Singhal SC, Kendall K, Eds. High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications. New York: Elsevier, 2003.
Jiang SP, Li J. In: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials, Properties and Performance. Fergus JW, Hui R, Li XG, et al. Eds. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2008.
Lee YH, Kuo CW, Shih CJ, et al. Characterization on the electrophoretic deposition of the 8 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia nanocrystallites prepared by a sol–gel process. Mat Sci Eng A 2007, 445–446: 347–354.
Gaudon M, Laberty-Robert C, Ansart F, et al. Preparation and characterization of La1-xSrxMnO3+δ (0≤x≤0.6) powder by sol–gel processing. Solid State Sci 2002, 4: 125–133.
Gaudon M, Laberty-Robert C, Ansart F, et al. Evaluation of sol–gel process for the synthesis of La1-xSrxMnO3+δ cathodic multilayers for solid oxide fuel cells. J Power Sources 2004, 133: 214–222.
Wang ZH, Sun KN, Shen SY, et al. Preparation of YSZ thin films for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells by dip-coating method. J Membrane Sci 2008, 320: 500–504.
Lenormand P, Caravaca D, Laberty-Robert C, et al. Thick films of YSZ electrolytes by dip-coating process. J Eur Ceram Soc 2005, 25: 2643–2646.
Gaudon M, Laberty-Robert C, Ansart F, et al. Thick YSZ films prepared via a modified sol–gel route: Thickness control (8–80 µm). J Eur Ceram Soc 2006, 26: 3153–3160.
Lenormand P, Castillo S, Gonzalez JR, et al. Lanthanum ferromanganites thin films by sol–gel process. Influence of the organic/inorganic R ratio on the microstructural properties. Solid State Sci 2005, 7: 159–163.
da Conceição L, Ribeiro NFP, Furtado JGM, et al. Effect of propellant on the combustion synthesized Sr-doped LaMnO3 powders. Ceram Int 2009, 35: 1683–1687.
Williamson GK, Hall WH. X-ray line broadening from filed aluminum and wolfram. Acta Metall 1953, 1: 22–31.
Pan Y, Zhu JH, Hu MZ, et al. Processing of YSZ thin films on dense and porous substrates. Surf Coat Technol 2005, 200: 1242–1247.
Lim DP, Lim DS, Oh JS, et al. Influence of post-treatments on the contact resistance of plasma-sprayed La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 coating on SOFC metallic interconnector. Surf Coat Technol 2005, 200: 1248–1251.
Im J, Park I, Shin D. Electrochemical properties of nanostructured lanthanum strontium manganite cathode fabricated by electrostatic spray deposition. Solid State Ionics 2011, 192: 448–452.
Stochniol G, Syskakis E, Naoumidis A. Chemical compatibility between strontium-doped lanthanum manganite and yttria-stabilized zirconia. J Am Ceram Soc 1995, 78: 929–932.
Liu YL, Hagen A, Barfod R, et al. Microstructural studies on degradation of interface between LSM–YSZ cathode and YSZ electrolyte in SOFCs. Solid State Ionics 2009, 180: 1298–1304.
Brant MC, Matencio T, Dessemond L, et al. Electrical degradation of porous and dense LSM/YSZ interface. Solid State Ionics 2006, 177: 915–921.
van Roosmalen JAM, Cordfunke EHP. Chemical reactivity and interdiffusion of (La, Sr)MnO3 and (Zr, Y)O2, solid oxide fuel cell cathode and electrolyte materials. Solid State Ionics 1992, 52: 303–312.
Mauvy F, Lenormand P, Lalanne C, et al. Electrochemical characterization of YSZ thick films deposited by dip-coating process. J Power Sources 2007, 171: 783–788.
Tikkanen H, Suciu C, Wærnhus I, et al. Examination of the co-sintering process of thin 8YSZ films obtained by dip-coating on in-house produced NiO–YSZ. J Eur Ceram Soc 2011, 31: 1733–1739.
Zhang YL, Gao JF, Peng DK, et al. Dip-coating thin yttria-stabilized zirconia films for solid oxide fuel cell applications. Ceram Int 2004, 30: 1049–1053.
Yoon JS, Lee J, Hwang HJ, et al. Lanthanum oxide-coated stainless steel for bipolar plates in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). J Power Sources 2008, 181: 281–286.
Fontaine ML, Laberty-Robert C, Ansart F, et al. Elaboration and characterization of La2NiO4+δ powders and thin films via a modified sol–gel process. J Solid State Chem 2004, 177: 1471–1479.
Backhaus-Ricoult M. Interface chemistry in LSM–YSZ composite SOFC cathodes. Solid State Ionics 2006, 177: 2195–2200.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 55-62
Cite this article:
MARRERO JC, RIBEIRO NFP, MALFATTI CF, et al. Characterization of yttria-stabilized zirconia films deposited by dip-coating on La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 substrate: Influence of synthesis parameters. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2013, 2(1): 55-62.








Web of Science






Received: 29 December 2012
Revised: 24 January 2013
Accepted: 26 January 2013
Published: 06 April 2013
© The author(s) 2013

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.