AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
View PDF
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Effect of lanthanum, neodymium on piezoelectric, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of PZT

Benudhar SAHOOPrasanta Kumar PANDA*( )
Materials Science Division, CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Kodihalli, P. B. No. 1779, Bangalore 560017, India
Show Author Information


The effect of La3+ and Nd3+ on piezoelectric, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of PZT (Pb(Zr0.53Ti0.47)O3) was studied. The powders were prepared by “wet-chemical” route followed by calcination at 800 ℃ for 4 h. XRD analysis of the calcined powders confirms the tetragonal phase in the undoped PZT, which gradually decreases with the dopant concentration and the appearance of rhombohedral phase simultaneously. SEM study of sintered pellets reveals the decrease in grain size with the increase in dopant concentration beyond 0.02 mol Nd3+ and 0.03 mol La3+ respectively. The piezoelectric constant (d33) and dielectric properties were maximum for 0.02 mol Nd3+ and 0.03 mol La3+ respectively. The remnant polarization of La3+-doped sample was higher than Nd3+-doped sample, and the sample with combined dopants shows intermediate remnant polarization (Pr). Based on the above study, it is concluded that La3+ is more effective than Nd3+, including in a mixture of La3+ and Nd3+ dopants.


Uchino K. Ceramic actuators—Principles and applications. Mater Res Bull 1993, 18: 42–48.
Newnham RE, Ruschau GR. Smart electroceramics. Am Ceram Soc Bull 1996, 75: 51–61.
Panda PK, Sahoo B, Raja S, et al. Electromechanical and dynamic characterization of in-house-fabricated amplified piezo actuator. Smart Mater Res 2012, 2012: 203625.
Haertling GH. Ferroelectric ceramics: History and technology. J Am Ceram Soc 1999, 82: 797–818.
Sahoo B, Panda PK. Fabrication of simple and ring-type piezo actuators and their characterization. Smart Mater Res 2012, 2012: 821847.
Jaffe B, Cook WR, Jaffe H. Piezoelectric Ceramics. London: Academic Press, 1971.
Qiu W, Hng HH. Effects of dopants on the microstructure and properties of PZT ceramics. Mater Chem Phys 2002, 75: 151–156.
Sahoo B, Panda PK. Ferroelectric, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of Pb1-xCe(Zr0.60Ti0.40)O3, 0≤x≤0.08. J Mater Sci 2007, 42: 96849688.10.1007/s10853-007-1948-4
Singh DJ, Ghita M, Fornari M, et al. Role of A-site and B-site ions in perovskite ferroelectricity. Ferroelectrics 2006, 338: 73–79.
Gonnard P, Troccaz M. Dopant distribution between A and B sites in the PZT ceramics of type ABO3. J Solid State Chem 1978, 23: 321–326.
Sahoo B, Panda PK. Dielectric, ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of (1-x)[Pb0.91La0.09 (Zr0.60Ti0.40)O3] – x[Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3], 0≤x≤1. J Mater Sci 2007, 42: 4270–4275.
Haertling GH. Piezoelectric and electro-optic ceramics. In Ceramic Materials for Electronics, 2nd edn. Buchanan RC, Ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1991.
Xiang PH, Zhong N, Dong XL, et al. Fabrication and dielectric properties of lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate using co-precipitation powder coating. Mater Lett 2004, 58: 2675–2678.
Stashans A, Maldonado F. A quantum mechanical study of La-doped Pb(Zr,Ti)O3. Physica B 2007, 392: 237–241.
Sharma S, Singh R, Goel TC, et al. Synthesis, structural and electrical properties of La modified PZT system. Comput Mater Sci 2006, 37: 86–89.
Mohidden MA, Kumar A, Yadav KL. Effect of Nd doping on structural, dielectric and thermodynamic properties of PZT (65/35) ceramics. Physica B 2007, 395: 1–9.
Thamjaree W, Nhuapeng W, Tunkasiri T. Structural and physical properties of Nd-doped Pb(Zr0.52 Ti0.48)O3 ceramics. Ferroelectr Lett 2005, 32: 41–47.
Sahoo B, Jaleel VA, Panda PK. Development of PZT powders by wet chemical method and fabrication of multilayered stacks/actuators. Mat Sci Eng B 2006, 126: 80–85.
Akbas MA, Lee WE. Characterization and densification of PLZT powder coprecipitated from chloride-nitrate solutions. Br Ceram Trans 1996, 95: 49–52.
Kalem V, Çam İ, Timuçin M. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PZT ceramics doped with strontium and lanthanum. Ceram Int 2011, 37: 1265–1275
Hoffmann MJ, Hammer M, Endriss A, et al. Correlation between microstructure, strain behavior, and acoustic emission of soft PZT ceramics. Acta Mater 2001, 49: 1301–1310.
Kong LB, Ma J, Zhang RF, et al. Fabrication and characterization of lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT7/60/40) ceramics from oxides. J Alloys Compd 2002, 339: 167–174.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 37-41
Cite this article:
SAHOO B, PANDA PK. Effect of lanthanum, neodymium on piezoelectric, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of PZT. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2013, 2(1): 37-41.








Web of Science






Received: 25 November 2012
Revised: 08 January 2013
Accepted: 09 January 2013
Published: 06 April 2013
© The author(s) 2013

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.