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Research Article | Open Access

Synthesis and characterization of manganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) nanofibers by electrospinning technique

Benudhar SAHOOPrasanta Kumar PANDA*( )
Materials Science Division, CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Kodihalli, P. B. No. 1779, Bangalore 560017, India
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Abstract

Manganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning homogeneous viscous solution of 20 wt%, 28 wt% and 36 wt% manganese acetate in poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) and calcining the nanofibers at 1000 ℃ for 2 h. Electrospinning was carried out at 9 kV DC with tip to collector distance (TCD) of 7 cm. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) of the fibers indicates the pure phase of manganese oxide above 500 ℃. XRD analysis of calcined (at 1000 ℃) nanofibers indicates the formation of phase-pure tetragonal Mn3O4. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies show the fibers cylindrical with the diameters in the range of 100–600 nm and aspect ratio > 1000. In general, the average diameter of the green fibers decreases with the increase in manganese acetate concentration. The diameter of calcined nanofibers is reduced by 34%.

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Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 26-30
Cite this article:
SAHOO B, PANDA PK. Synthesis and characterization of manganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) nanofibers by electrospinning technique. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2013, 2(1): 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-013-0037-1

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Received: 20 November 2012
Revised: 27 December 2012
Accepted: 30 December 2012
Published: 06 April 2013
© The author(s) 2013

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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