Journal Home > Volume 1 , issue 3

In the past twenty years, Si-B-C-N ceramic has attracted wide attention due to its special structure and outstanding properties. The ceramic generally has an amorphous or a nano-crystalline structure, and has excellent structural stability, oxidation resistance, creep resistance and high-temperature mechanical properties, etc. Thus, Si-B-C-N ceramic attracts many researchers and finds potential applications in transportation, aerocraft, energy, information, microelectronics and environment, etc. Much work has been carried out on its raw materials, preparation processes, structural evolution, phase equilibrium and high-temperature properties. In recent years, many researchers focus on its new preparation methods, the preparation of dense ceramic sample with large dimensions, ceramic matrix composites reinforced by carbon fiber or SiC whisker, or components with various applications. Research on Si-B-C-N ceramic will develop our insight into the relationship between structures and properties of ceramics, and will be helpful to the development of novel high-performance ceramics. This paper reviews the preparation processes, general microstructures, mechanical, chemical, electrical and optical properties, and potential applications of Si-B-C-N ceramic, as well as its matrix composites.


menu
Abstract
Full text
Outline
About this article

Progress of a novel non-oxide Si-B-C-N ceramic and its matrix composites

Show Author's information Pengfei ZHANGDechang JIA*( )Zhihua YANGXiaoming DUANYu ZHOU
Institute for Advanced Ceramics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080, China

Abstract

In the past twenty years, Si-B-C-N ceramic has attracted wide attention due to its special structure and outstanding properties. The ceramic generally has an amorphous or a nano-crystalline structure, and has excellent structural stability, oxidation resistance, creep resistance and high-temperature mechanical properties, etc. Thus, Si-B-C-N ceramic attracts many researchers and finds potential applications in transportation, aerocraft, energy, information, microelectronics and environment, etc. Much work has been carried out on its raw materials, preparation processes, structural evolution, phase equilibrium and high-temperature properties. In recent years, many researchers focus on its new preparation methods, the preparation of dense ceramic sample with large dimensions, ceramic matrix composites reinforced by carbon fiber or SiC whisker, or components with various applications. Research on Si-B-C-N ceramic will develop our insight into the relationship between structures and properties of ceramics, and will be helpful to the development of novel high-performance ceramics. This paper reviews the preparation processes, general microstructures, mechanical, chemical, electrical and optical properties, and potential applications of Si-B-C-N ceramic, as well as its matrix composites.

Keywords:

Si-B-C-N, ceramic, preparation method, microstructure, property
Received: 09 October 2012 Accepted: 13 October 2012 Published: 11 December 2012 Issue date: September 2012
References(75)
[1]
Baldus HP, Wagner O, Jansen M. Synthesis of advanced ceramics in the systems Si-B-N and Si-B-N-C employing novel precursor compounds. Mater Res Symp Proc 1992, 271: 821-826.
[2]
Wideman T, Su K, Remsen EE, et al. Synthesis, characterization, and ceramic conversion reactions of borazine/silazane copolymers - new polymeric precursors to sincb ceramics. Chem Mater 1995, 7: 2203-2212.
[3]
Bill J, Kamphowe TW, Muller A, et al. Precursor-derived Si-(B-)C-N ceramics: Thermolysis, amorphous state and crystallization. Appl Organomet Chem 2001, 15: 777-793.
[4]
Su K, Remsen EE, Zank GA, et al. Synthesis, characterization, and ceramic conversion reactions of borazine-modified hydridopolysilazanes - new polymeric precursors to sincb ceramic composites. Chem Mater 1993, 5: 547-556.
[5]
Weinmann M, Haug R, Bill J, et al. Boron-containing polysilylcarbodi-imides: A new class of molecular precursors for Si-B-C-N ceramics. J Organomet Chem 1997, 541: 345-353.
[6]
Gao Y, Mera G, Nguyen H, et al. Processing route dramatically influencing the nanostructure of carbon-rich SiCN and SiBCN polymer-derived ceramics. Part I: Low temperature thermal transformation. J Eur Ceram Soc 2012, 32: 1857-1866.
[7]
Muller A, Gerstel P, Weinmann M, et al. Correlation of boron content and high temperature stability in Si-B-C-N ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2000, 20: 2655-2659.
[8]
Weinmann M, Kamphowe TW, Schuhmacher J, et al. Design of polymeric Si-B-C-N ceramic precursors for application in fiber-reinforced composite materials. Chem Mater 2000, 12: 2112-2122.
[9]
Riedel R, Ruswisch LM, An LN, et al. Amorphous silicoboron carbonitride ceramic with very high viscosity at temperatures above 1500 ℃. J Am Ceram Soc 1998, 81: 3341-3344.
[10]
Weinmann M, Schuhmacher J, Kummer H, et al. Synthesis and thermal behavior of novel Si-B-C-N ceramic precursors. Chem Mater 2000, 12: 623-632.
[11]
Bunjes N, Muller A, Sigle W, et al. Crystallization of polymer-derived SiC/BN/C composites investigated by TEM. J Non-Cryst Solids 2007, 353: 1567-1576.
[12]
Kumar R, Cai Y, Gerstel P, et al. Processing, crystallization and characterization of polymer derived nano-crystalline Si-B-C-N ceramics. J Mater Sci 2006, 41: 7088-7095.
[13]
Kumar R, Phillipp F, Aldinger F. Oxidation induced effects on the creep properties of nano-crystalline porous Si-B-C-N ceramics. Mat Sci Eng A-Struct 2007, 445-446: 251-258.
[14]
Seyferth D, Plenio H. Borasilazane polymeric precursors for borosilicon nitride. J Am Ceram Soc 1990, 73: 2131-2133.
[15]
Riedel R, Kienzle A, Dressler W, et al. A silicoboron carbonitride ceramic stable to 2,000℃. Nature 1996, 382: 796-798.
[16]
Riedel R, Bill J, Kienzle A. Boron-modified inorganic polymers-precursors for the synthesis of multicomponent ceramics. Appl Organomet Chem 1996, 10: 241-256.10.1002/(SICI)1099-0739(199604)10:3/4<241::AID-AOC471>3.0.CO;2-W
[17]
Jansen M, Jaschke B, Jaschke TJ. Amorphous mulitnary ceramics in the Si-B-N-C system. Struct Bond 2002, 101: 137-191.
[18]
Yan X-B, Gottardo L, Bernard S, et al. Ordered mesoporous silicoboron carbonitride materials via preceramic polymer nanocasting. Chem Mater 2008, 20: 6325-6334.
[19]
Lee SH, Weinmann M, Aldinger F. Processing and properties of C/Si-B-C-N fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites prepared by precursor impregnation and pyrolysis. Acta Mater 2008, 56: 1529-1538.
[20]
Colombo P, Mera G, Riedel R, et al. Polymer-derived ceramics: 40 years of research and innovation in advanced ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 1805-1837.
[21]
Vlcek J, Potocky T, Cizek J, et al. Reactive magnetron sputtering of hard Si-B-C-N films with a high-temperature oxidation resistance. J Vac Sci Technol A 2005, 23: 1513-1522.
[22]
Čapek J, Hřeben S, Zeman P, et al. Effect of the gas mixture composition on high-temperature behavior of magnetron sputtered Si-B-C-N coatings. Surf Coat Tech 2008, 203: 466-469.
[23]
Houska J, Vlcek J, Potocky S, et al. Influence of substrate bias voltage on structure and properties of hard Si-B-C-N films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering. Diam Relat Mater 2007, 16: 29-36.
[24]
Vijayakumar A, Warren A, Todi R, et al. Photoluminescence from RF sputtered SiCBN thin films. J Mater Sci: Mater in Elect 2009, 20: 144-148.
[25]
Yang ZH, Jia DC, Zhou Y, et al. Fabrication and characterization of amorphous SiBCN powders. Ceram Int 2007, 33: 1573-1577.
[26]
Zhang P, Jia D, Yang Z, et al. Microstructural features and properties of nano-crystalline SiC/BN(C) composite ceramic prepared from mechanically alloyed SiBCN powder. J Alloy Compd 2012, 537: 346-356.
[27]
Yang ZH, Zhou Y, Jia DC, et al. Microstructures and properties of SiB0.5C1.5N0.5 ceramics consolidated by mechanical alloying and hot pressing. Mat Sci Eng A-Struct 2008, 489: 187-192.
[28]
Lee SH, Weinmann M, Gerstel P, et al. Extraordinary thermal stability of SiC particulate-reinforced polymer-derived Si-B-C-N composites. Scripta Mater 2008, 59: 607-610.
[29]
Tavakoli AH, Gerstel P, Golczewski JA, et al. Kinetic effect of boron on the crystallization of Si3N4 in Si-B-C-N polymer-derived ceramics. J Mater Res 2011, 26: 600-608.
[30]
Muller A, Peng JQ, Seifert HJ, et al. Si-B-C-N ceramic precursors derived from dichlorodivinylsilane and chlorotrivinylsilane. 2. Ceramization of polymers and high-temperature behavior of ceramic materials. Chem Mater 2002, 14: 3406-3412.
[31]
Wang Z-C, Aldinger F, Riedel R. Novel Silicon-Boron-Carbon-Nitrogen materials thermally stable up to 2200°C. J Am Ceram Soc 2001, 84: 2179-2183.
[32]
Jeschke G, Kroschel M, Jansen M. A magnetic resonance study on the structure of amorphous networks in the Si-B-N(-C) system. J Non-Cryst Solids 1999, 260: 216-227.
[33]
Sneddon LG, Brunner AR, Su K, et al. Synthesis, characterization, and ceramic conversion reactions of pinacolborane-modified polyvinylsiloxane: A new polymeric precursor to boron-modified SiC. Abstr Pap Am Chem S 1999, 218: U846-U846.
[34]
Nghiem QD, Kim DP. Polymerization of borazine with tetramethyldivinyldisilazane as a new class SiCBN preceramic polymer. J Ind Eng Chem 2006, 12: 905-910.
[35]
Haberecht J, Nesper R, Grutzmacher H. A construction kit for Si-B-C-N ceramic materials based on borazine precursors. Chem Mater 2005, 17: 2340-2347.
[36]
Cizek J, Vlcek J, Potocky S, et al. Mechanical and optical properties of quaternary Si-B-C-N films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering. Thin Solid Films 2008, 516: 7286-7293.
[37]
Zhang P, Jia D, Yang Z, et al. Crystallization and microstructural evolution process from the mechanically alloyed amorphous SiBCN powder to the hot-pressed nano SiC/BN(C) ceramic. J Mater Sci 2012, 47: 7291-7304.
[38]
Jia D, Zhang P, Yang Z, et al. Progress of amorphous and nanostructured Si-B(Al)-C-N ceramics. Materials China 2011, 30: 5-11 (in Chinese).
[39]
Riedel R, Mera G, Hauser R, et al. Silicon-based polymer-derived ceramics: Synthesis properties and applications - A review. J Ceram Soc Jpn 2006, 114: 425-444.
[40]
Wilden J, Wank A. TPCVD synthesis of Si(-B)-C-N coatings. In ISPC 15. 2001.
[41]
Vishnyakov VM, Ehiasarian AP, Vishnyakov VV, et al. Amorphous Boron containing silicon carbo-nitrides created by ion sputtering. Surf Coat Tech 2011, 206: 149-154.
[42]
Zhang P, Jia D, Yang Z, et al. Physical and surface characteristics of mechanically alloyed SiBCN powder. Ceram Int 2012, 38: 6399-6404.
[43]
Yu Z, Zhou C, Li R, et al. Synthesis and ceramic conversion of a novel processible polyboronsilazane precursor to SiBCN ceramic. Ceram Int 2012, 38: 4635-4643.
[44]
Lee JS, Butt DP, Baney RH, et al. Synthesis and pyrolysis of novel polysilazane to SiBCN ceramic. J Non-Cryst Solids 2005, 351: 2995-3005.
[45]
Aldinger F, Weinmann M, Bill J. Precursor-derived Si-B-C-N ceramics. Anglais 1998, 70: 439-448.
[46]
Bill J, Aldinger F. Precursor-derived covalent ceramics. Adv Mater 1995, 7: 775-787.
[47]
Tavakoli AH, Gerstel P, Golczewski JA, et al. Quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis and modeling of the crystallization process in amorphous Si-B-C-N polymer-derived ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 1470-1478.
[48]
Zern A, Mayer J, Janakiraman N, et al. Quantitative EFTEM study of precursor-derived Si-B-C-N ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2002, 22: 1621-1629.
[49]
Tavakoli AH, Gerstel P, Golczewski JA, et al. Effect of boron on the crystallization of amorphous Si-(B-)C-N polymer-derived ceramics. J Non-Cryst Solids 2009, 355: 2381-2389.
[50]
Wideman T, Fazen PJ, Su K, et al. Second-generation polymeric precursors for BN and SiNCB ceramic materials. Appl Organomet Chem 1998, 12: 681-693.10.1002/(SICI)1099-0739(199810/11)12:10/11<681::AID-AOC786>3.0.CO;2-D
[51]
Kern F, Gadow R. Liquid phase coating process for protective ceramic layers on carbon fibers. Surf Coat Tech 2002, 151–152: 418-423.
[52]
Bharadwaj L, Fan Y, Zhang LG, et al. Oxidation behavior of a fully dense polymer-derived amorphous silicon carbonitride ceramic. J Am Ceram Soc 2004, 87: 483-486.
[53]
Houska J, Warschkow O, Bilek MMM, et al. The effect of argon on the structure of amorphous SiBCN materials: an experimental and ab initio study. J Phys-Condens Mat 2006, 18: 2337-2348.
[54]
Vijayakumar A, Todi RM, Sundaram KB. Effect of N2/Ar gas mixture composition on the chemistry of SiCBN thin films prepared by RF reactive sputtering. J Electrochem Soc 2007, 154: H271-H274.
[55]
Zhang P, Jia D, Yang Z, et al. Influence of ball milling parameters on the structure of the mechanically alloyed SiBCN powder. Ceram Int 2012, 47: 7291-7304.
[56]
Zeman P, Čapek J, Čerstvý R, et al. Thermal stability of magnetron sputtered Si-B-C-N materials at temperatures up to 1700°C. Thin Solid Films 2010, 519: 306-311.
[57]
Müller A, Zern A, Gerstel P, et al. Boron-modified poly(propenylsilazane)-derived Si-B-C-N ceramics: preparation and high temperature properties. J Eur Ceram Soc 2002, 22: 1631-1643.
[58]
Gerstel P, Muller A, Bill J, et al. Synthesis and high-temperature behavior of Si/B/C/N precursor-derived ceramics without "free carbon". Chem Mater 2003, 15: 4980-4986.
[59]
Christ M, Zimmermann A, Zern A, et al. High temperature deformation behavior of crystallized precursor-derived Si-B-C-N ceramics. J Mater Sci 2001, 36: 5767-5772.
[60]
Yang ZH, Jia DC, Zhou Y, et al. Processing and characterization of SiB0.5C1.5N0.5 produced by mechanical alloying and subsequent spark plasma sintering. Mat Sci Eng A-Struct 2008, 488: 241-246.
[61]
Christ M, Thurn G, Weinmann M, et al. High-temperature mechanical properties of Si-B-C-N-precursor-derived amorphous ceramics and the applicability of deformation models developed for metallic glasses. J Am Ceram Soc 2000, 83: 3025-3032.
[62]
Kumar NVR, Mager R, Cai Y, et al. High temperature deformation behaviour of crystallized Si-B-C-N ceramics obtained from a boron modified poly(vinyl)silazane polymeric precursor. Scripta Mater 2004, 51: 65-69.
[63]
Jansen M. Highly stable ceramics through single source precursors. Solid State Ion 1997, 101: 1-7.
[64]
Jansen M, Jongermann H. A new class of promising ceramics based on amorphous inorganic networks. Curr Opin Solid St M 1997, 2: 150-157.
[65]
Baldus P, Jansen M, Sporn D. Ceramic fibers for matrix composites in high-temperature engine applications. Science 1999, 285: 699-703.
[66]
Yang ZH, Jia DC, Duan XM, et al. Microstructure and thermal stabilities in various atmospheres of SiB0.5C1.5N0.5 nano-sized powders fabricated by mechanical alloying technique. J Non-Cryst Solids 2010, 356: 326-333.
[67]
Ye D, Jia DC, Yang Z, et al. Microstructures and mechanical properties of SiBCNAl ceramics produced by mechanical alloying and subsequent hot pressing. J Zhejiang Univ-Sci A 2010, 11: 761-765.
[68]
Butchereit E, Nickel KG, Muller A. Precursor-derived Si-B-C-N ceramics: Oxidation kinetics. J Am Ceram Soc 2001, 84: 2184-2188.
[69]
Cinibulk MK, Parthasarathy TA. Characterization of oxidized polymer-derived SiBCN fibers. J Am Ceram Soc 2001, 84: 2197-2202.
[70]
Vlcek J, Hreben S, Kalas J, et al. Magnetron sputtered Si-B-C-N films with high oxidation resistance and thermal stability in air at temperatures above 1500℃. J Vac Sci Technol A 2008, 26: 1101-1108.
[71]
Yang ZH. Microstructure and high-temperature properties of the Si-B-C-N MA-powders and ceramics. Ph.D. Thesis. Harbin (China): Harbin Institute of Technology, 2008.
[72]
Hermann AM, Wang YT, Ramakrishnan PA, et al. Structure and electronic transport properties of Si-(B)-C-N ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2001, 84: 2260-2264.
[73]
Petrman V, Houska J, Kos S, et al. Effect of nitrogen content on electronic structure and properties of SiBCN materials. Acta Mater 2011, 59: 2341-2349.
[74]
Lee SH, Weinmann M. Cfiber/SiCfiller/Si-B-C-Nmatrix composites with extremely high thermal stability. Acta Mater 2009, 57: 4374-4381.
[75]
Nghiem QD, Jeon JK, Hong LY, et al. Polymer derived Si-C-B-N ceramics via hydroboration from borazine derivatives and trivinylcyclotrisilazane. J Organomet Chem 2003, 688: 27-35.
Publication history
Copyright
Acknowledgements
Rights and permissions

Publication history

Received: 09 October 2012
Accepted: 13 October 2012
Published: 11 December 2012
Issue date: September 2012

Copyright

© The author(s) 2012

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51072041, 50902031 and 51021002) and the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (No. 51225203).

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.

Return