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Review Article | Online First

Recent progress on the synthesis of defective UiO-66 for thermal catalysis

Qing Feng1,2,§Caoyu Yang1,2,§Lin Chang1,2Guodong Li1,2( )Zhiyong Tang1,2( )
CAS Key Laboratory of Nanosystem and Hierarchical Fabrication, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, China
School of Nanoscience and Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

§ Qing Feng and Caoyu Yang contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Zirconium terephthalate UiO-66 has aroused great interest in catalysis since it exhibits significant flexibility and compatibility for accommodating a high number of defects as well as exceptional thermal and chemical stability. Until now, many works have focused on the modulations of the Zr6-oxo clusters in UiO-66 in terms of diverse synthesis, advanced characterizations, and their catalytic applications. To achieve high catalytic efficiency, it is still highly desired for rationally constructing and modulating the Zr6-oxo clusters with exposed catalytic sites and diverse microenvironments for advanced catalysis. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of recent progress on the synthesis of defective UiO-66, qualitative and quantitative characterizations, as well as a logical overview of heterogeneous catalytic applications over the past few years. Finally, the outlooks for the research paradigm of defective UiO-66 are discussed.

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