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Employing the alkaline water electrolysis system to generate hydrogen holds great prospects but still poses significant challenges, particularly for the construction of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysts operating at ampere-level current density. Herein, the unique Ru and RuP2 dual nano-islands are deliberately implanted on N-doped carbon substrate (denoted as Ru-RuP2/NC), in which a built-in electric field (BEF) is spontaneously generated between Ru-RuP2 dual nano-islands driven by their work function difference. Experimental and theoretical results unveil that such constructed BEF could serve as the driving force for triggering fast hydrogen spillover process on bridged Ru-RuP2 dual nano-islands, which could invalidate the inhibitory effect of high hydrogen coverage at ampere-level current density, and synchronously speed up the water dissociation on Ru nano-islands and hydrogen adsorption/desorption on RuP2 nano-islands through hydrogen spillover process. As a result, the Ru-RuP2/NC affords an ultra-low overpotential of 218 mV to achieve 1.0 A cm-2 along with the superior stability over 1000 h, holding the great promising prospect in practical applications at ampere-level current density. More importantly, this work is the first to advance the scientific understanding of the relationship between the constructed BEF and hydrogen spillover process, which could be enlightening for the rational design of the cost-effective alkaline HER catalysts at ampere-level current density.

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Publication history

Received: 15 November 2023
Revised: 25 January 2024
Accepted: 28 January 2024
Available online: 29 January 2024

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© Tsinghua University Press 2024

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Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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