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The development and synthesis of cathode electrocatalysts with high activity and durable stability for metal-air batteries is an important challenge in the area of electrocatalysis. Herein, we introduce a novel in-situ nitriding and phosphating strategy for producing W3N4 and WP from phosphotungstic acid (HPW)-polyaniline-phytic acid-Fe3+ organic–inorganic hybrid material. The final material has a three-dimensional porous framework with W3N4-WP heterostructures embedded in the carbon matrix (W3N4-WP@NPC). As-made materials exhibit exceptional electrocatalytic performance for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), with a diffusion-limiting current density of 6.9 mA·cm−2 and a half-wave potential of 0.82 V. As a Zn-air primary cathode, the W3N4-WP@NPC assembled battery can provide a relatively high peak power density (194.2 mW·cm−2). As a Zn-air secondary air-cathode, it has great cycling stability over 500 h. This work provides a simple and efficient method for rationally designing high-performance air cathodes from copolymer-anchored polyoxometalates.


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A high-performance electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction derived from copolymer-anchored polyoxometalates

Show Author's information Yue Du1( )Wenxue Chen1Zhiyi Zhong1Zhixian Shi1Yulin Zhang2Xuanning Chen2Yisi Liu1Dongbin Xiong1Lina Zhou1( )Zhenhui Liu2Mingbo Zheng2( )
Hubei Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Materials and Devices & College of Material Science and Engineering, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi 435002, China
College of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China

Abstract

The development and synthesis of cathode electrocatalysts with high activity and durable stability for metal-air batteries is an important challenge in the area of electrocatalysis. Herein, we introduce a novel in-situ nitriding and phosphating strategy for producing W3N4 and WP from phosphotungstic acid (HPW)-polyaniline-phytic acid-Fe3+ organic–inorganic hybrid material. The final material has a three-dimensional porous framework with W3N4-WP heterostructures embedded in the carbon matrix (W3N4-WP@NPC). As-made materials exhibit exceptional electrocatalytic performance for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), with a diffusion-limiting current density of 6.9 mA·cm−2 and a half-wave potential of 0.82 V. As a Zn-air primary cathode, the W3N4-WP@NPC assembled battery can provide a relatively high peak power density (194.2 mW·cm−2). As a Zn-air secondary air-cathode, it has great cycling stability over 500 h. This work provides a simple and efficient method for rationally designing high-performance air cathodes from copolymer-anchored polyoxometalates.

Keywords: oxygen reduction reaction, Zn-air battery, W3N4-WP heterojunctions, copolymer-anchored polyoxometalates

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Acknowledgements

Publication history

Received: 01 December 2023
Revised: 25 December 2023
Accepted: 28 December 2023
Published: 27 February 2024

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© Tsinghua University Press 2024

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation and Huangshi of China (No. 2022CFD039), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 22008058), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20220912), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2022M711607).

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