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Active metal-based batteries are drawing increased attention because of their inherent high energy density and specific capacity. Some grand challenges, such as dendrite growth, electrode degradation, rapid performance fading, etc., have limited their practical application. Bioinspiration, which involves taking cues from the structures and functions of the natural world, can lead to a wealth of conceptually fresh approaches to regulator the metal ion transportation to achieve a dendrite-free metal plating, thwart the side-reaction reactions, and retard the structural distortions, for a more reliable and secure operation of active metal-based batteries. In this review, we concentrate on the fabrication and application of bioinspired designs in active metal-based batteries with enhanced performance, along with discussion on the challenges and opportunities associated with this promising topic. We anticipate that this review can offer some insights into the development of functional materials by learning from nature and provide some approaches for the innovations of either the battery structures or the energy materials for metal-based batteries.

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Bioinspired designs in active metal-based batteries

Show Author's information Fan Zhang1,3Ting Liao2,3( )Cheng Yan2,3Ziqi Sun1,3( )
School of Chemistry and Physics, Queensland University of Technology, George Street, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
School of Mechanical Medical and Process Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, George Street, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
QUT Centre for Materials Science, Queensland University of Technology, George Street, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia


Active metal-based batteries are drawing increased attention because of their inherent high energy density and specific capacity. Some grand challenges, such as dendrite growth, electrode degradation, rapid performance fading, etc., have limited their practical application. Bioinspiration, which involves taking cues from the structures and functions of the natural world, can lead to a wealth of conceptually fresh approaches to regulator the metal ion transportation to achieve a dendrite-free metal plating, thwart the side-reaction reactions, and retard the structural distortions, for a more reliable and secure operation of active metal-based batteries. In this review, we concentrate on the fabrication and application of bioinspired designs in active metal-based batteries with enhanced performance, along with discussion on the challenges and opportunities associated with this promising topic. We anticipate that this review can offer some insights into the development of functional materials by learning from nature and provide some approaches for the innovations of either the battery structures or the energy materials for metal-based batteries.

Keywords: bioinspired materials, energy storage devices, metal-based batteries



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Publication history

Publication history

Received: 01 July 2023
Revised: 10 August 2023
Accepted: 16 August 2023
Published: 26 September 2023
Issue date: February 2024


© Tsinghua University Press 2023



This work was supported by the Australian Research Council through ARC Discovery Projects (DP200103568 and DP230101625) and ARC Future Fellowship projects (FT180100387 and FT160100281).