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Review Article

Advances in microwave absorbing materials with broad-bandwidth response

Susu Bao,§Meixi Zhang,§Zhiyuan Jiang( )Zhaoxiong XieLansun Zheng
State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China

§ Susu Bao and Meixi Zhang contributed equally to this work.

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Graphical Abstract

The dominant strategies for expanding the effective absorption bandwidth of microwave absorbing materials are comprehensively summarized from three aspects: chemical combination strategy, morphological control strategy, and macrostructure control strategy. Some important regular results as well as design principles and absorption mechanisms are highlighted. The main challenges, new opportunities, and future perspectives in the promising field are also presented.


Microwave absorbing materials (MAMs) are playing an increasingly essential role in the development of wireless communications, high-power electronic devices, and advanced target detection technology. MAMs with a broad-bandwidth response are particularly important in the area of communication security, radiation prevention, electronic reliability, and military stealth. Although considerable progress has been made in the design and preparation of MAMs with a broad-bandwidth response, a number of challenges still remain, and the structure–function relationship of MAMs is still far from being completely understood. Herein, the advances in the design and research of MAMs with a broad-bandwidth response are outlined. The main strategies for expanding the effective absorption bandwidth of MAMs are comprehensively summarized considering three perspectives: the chemical combination strategy, morphological control strategy, and macrostructure control strategy. Several important results as well as design principles and absorption mechanisms are highlighted. A coherent explanation detailing the influence of the chemical composition and structure of various materials on the microwave absorption properties of MAMs is provided. The main challenges, new opportunities, and future perspectives in this promising field are also presented.



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Nano Research
Pages 11054-11083
Cite this article:
Bao S, Zhang M, Jiang Z, et al. Advances in microwave absorbing materials with broad-bandwidth response. Nano Research, 2023, 16(8): 11054-11083.






Web of Science






Received: 11 January 2023
Revised: 22 February 2023
Accepted: 08 March 2023
Published: 10 May 2023
© Tsinghua University Press 2023