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The urgent need for highly safe and sustainable large-scale energy storage systems for residential buildings has led to research into aqueous zinc ion batteries. However, when zinc is used in aqueous zinc ion batteries, it suffers from severe irreversibility due to its low Coulombic efficiency, dendrite growth, and side reactions. To address these challenges, we take advantage of organic cation to induce trifluoromethanesulfonate decomposition to build zinc fluoride/zinc sulfide-rich solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) that not only can adapt to a high areal capacity of deposition/stripping disturbance but also adjust zinc ion deposition path to eliminate dendrite. As a result, the unique interface can promote the Zn battery to achieve excellent electrochemical performance: high levels of plating/stripping Coulombic efficiency (99.8%), stability life (6,600 h), and cumulative capacity (66,000 mAh·cm−2) at 68% zinc utilization (20 mAh·cm−2). More importantly, the SEI significantly enhances the cyclability of full battery under limited Zn, lean electrolyte, and high areal capacity cathode conditions.


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Tailored ZnF2/ZnS-rich interphase for reversible aqueous Zn batteries

Show Author's information Junmin Ge1,2,3Yaoyang Zhang1Zhengkun Xie1Huabin Xie2Weihua Chen1( )Bingan Lu2( )
College of Chemistry & Green Catalysis Center, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China

Abstract

The urgent need for highly safe and sustainable large-scale energy storage systems for residential buildings has led to research into aqueous zinc ion batteries. However, when zinc is used in aqueous zinc ion batteries, it suffers from severe irreversibility due to its low Coulombic efficiency, dendrite growth, and side reactions. To address these challenges, we take advantage of organic cation to induce trifluoromethanesulfonate decomposition to build zinc fluoride/zinc sulfide-rich solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) that not only can adapt to a high areal capacity of deposition/stripping disturbance but also adjust zinc ion deposition path to eliminate dendrite. As a result, the unique interface can promote the Zn battery to achieve excellent electrochemical performance: high levels of plating/stripping Coulombic efficiency (99.8%), stability life (6,600 h), and cumulative capacity (66,000 mAh·cm−2) at 68% zinc utilization (20 mAh·cm−2). More importantly, the SEI significantly enhances the cyclability of full battery under limited Zn, lean electrolyte, and high areal capacity cathode conditions.

Keywords:

aqueous zinc batteries, ZnF2/ZnS-rich interphase, reversibility, metal anode utilization, interfacial chemistry
Received: 22 October 2022 Revised: 11 November 2022 Accepted: 13 November 2022 Published: 17 January 2023
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Received: 22 October 2022
Revised: 11 November 2022
Accepted: 13 November 2022
Published: 17 January 2023

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© Tsinghua University Press 2022

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 2227912129) and Joint Fund of Scientific and Technological Research and Development Program of Henan Province (No. 222301420009). The Center of Advanced Analysis & Gene Sequencing of Zhengzhou University was thanked for Cryo-TEM testing.

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