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Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have demonstrated the potential to conquer the energy storage related market due to the extremely high energy density. However, their performances at low temperature are still needed to be improved to broaden their applications. Therefore, in this review, the basic failure mechanisms and major challenges of Li-S battery at low temperature are categorized as the high desolvation barrier of Li+, uncontrolled nucleation and deposition of lithium, polysulfides clustering, and passivation of cathode by film like Li2S. Targeting these major issues, strategies, and advances concerning the design of optimized electrolyte, composite cathode and functional separator are highlighted and discussed. Finally, the suggestions are proposed for the future development of practical Li-S battery working at low temperature scenarios, hoping to accelerate the commercialization process and bring revolution to the energy storage market.

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Challenges and advances on low-temperature rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries

Show Author's information Yu Jiao1( )Fan Wang4Yuhong Ma2Sangang Luo3Yaoyao Li2Anjun Hu2Miao He2Fei Li2Dongjiang Chen2Wei Chen2Tianyu Lei2Yin Hu2,4( )
College of Science, Xichang University, Xichang 615000, China
State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Film and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China
College of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000, China
School of Materials and Energy, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China


Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have demonstrated the potential to conquer the energy storage related market due to the extremely high energy density. However, their performances at low temperature are still needed to be improved to broaden their applications. Therefore, in this review, the basic failure mechanisms and major challenges of Li-S battery at low temperature are categorized as the high desolvation barrier of Li+, uncontrolled nucleation and deposition of lithium, polysulfides clustering, and passivation of cathode by film like Li2S. Targeting these major issues, strategies, and advances concerning the design of optimized electrolyte, composite cathode and functional separator are highlighted and discussed. Finally, the suggestions are proposed for the future development of practical Li-S battery working at low temperature scenarios, hoping to accelerate the commercialization process and bring revolution to the energy storage market.

Keywords: lithium-sulfur battery, lithium metal anode, low temperature application, sulfur cathode



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Publication history

Publication history

Received: 21 July 2022
Revised: 25 August 2022
Accepted: 29 August 2022
Published: 21 September 2022
Issue date: June 2023


© Tsinghua University Press 2022



We gratefully acknowledge the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52003038), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation funded project (No. 2022M710600), the China National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents (No. BX20220053), and the Doctoral Project of Xichang University (No. YBZ202221)