Electroreduction of carbon dioxide into value-added fuels or chemicals using renewable energy helps to effectively reduce carbon dioxide emission and alleviate the greenhouse effect while storing intermittent energies. Due to the existing infrastructure of global natural gas utilization and distribution, methane produced in such a green route attracts wide interests. However, limited success has been witnessed in the practical application of catalysts imparting satisfactory methane activity and selectivity. Herein, we report the fabrication of an atomically dispersed Co-Cu alloy through the reconstruction of trace-Co doped Cu metal-organic framework. This catalyst exhibits a methane Faradaic efficiency of 60% ± 1% with the corresponding partial current density of 303 ± 5 mA·cm−2. Operando X-ray adsorption spectroscopy and attenuated-total-reflection surface enhanced infrared spectroscopy unravel that the introduction of atomically dispersed Co in Cu favors *CO protonation via enhancing surface water activation, and suppresses C−C coupling by reducing *CO coverage, thereby leading to high methane selectivity.