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Although the operating mechanism of sodium-ion battery (SIB) resembles that of lithium-ion battery, common film-forming additive for lithium-ion battery does not play its role in SIB. Therefore, it is essential to tailor new additives for SIB. Hard carbon (HC), as the most used anode material of SIB, has the disadvantage of interphasial instability, especially under the condition of long-term cycling. The incessant accumulation of electrolyte decomposition products leads to a significant increase in interphasial impedance and a sharp decline in discharge capacity. In this work, N-phenyl-bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide) (PTFSI) was proposed as a novel film-forming electrolyte additive, which effectively enhances the long-term cycling performance for HC anode in SIB. The passivation film generated from the preferential reduction of PTFSI improves the capacity retention of HC/Na half-cell from 0% to 68% after 500 cycles. Profoundly, the enhanced interphasial stability of HC anode results in a 52% increase in capacity retention of HC/Na3V2(PO4)3 full-cells after 100 cycles.


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Enhanced interphasial stability of hard carbon for sodium-ion battery via film-forming electrolyte additive
Show Author's information Wenguang Zhang1Fanghong Zeng1Huijuan Huang2Yan Yu2Mengqing Xu1( )Lidan Xing1( )Weishan Li1
Engineering Research Center of MTEES (Ministry of Education), Research Center of BMET (Guangdong Province), Engineering Lab. of OFMHEB (Guangdong Province), Key Lab. of ETESPG (GHEI), and Innovative Platform for ITBMD (Guangzhou Municipality), School of Chemistry, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
Abstract

Although the operating mechanism of sodium-ion battery (SIB) resembles that of lithium-ion battery, common film-forming additive for lithium-ion battery does not play its role in SIB. Therefore, it is essential to tailor new additives for SIB. Hard carbon (HC), as the most used anode material of SIB, has the disadvantage of interphasial instability, especially under the condition of long-term cycling. The incessant accumulation of electrolyte decomposition products leads to a significant increase in interphasial impedance and a sharp decline in discharge capacity. In this work, N-phenyl-bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide) (PTFSI) was proposed as a novel film-forming electrolyte additive, which effectively enhances the long-term cycling performance for HC anode in SIB. The passivation film generated from the preferential reduction of PTFSI improves the capacity retention of HC/Na half-cell from 0% to 68% after 500 cycles. Profoundly, the enhanced interphasial stability of HC anode results in a 52% increase in capacity retention of HC/Na3V2(PO4)3 full-cells after 100 cycles.

Keywords: hard carbon anode, interphasial stability, N-phenyl-bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide), sodium-ion battery
Received: 03 January 2022 Revised: 22 April 2022 Accepted: 26 May 2022 Published: 22 June 2022
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Received: 03 January 2022
Revised: 22 April 2022
Accepted: 26 May 2022
Published: 22 June 2022

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© Tsinghua University Press 2022

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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21972049) and the Guangdong Program for Distinguished Young Scholar (No. 2017B030306013).

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