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Developing efficient catalysts with high activity and durability via alloying strategy is essential to the energy conversion in various electro-catalytic reactions. Among the different alloy structures, intermetallic compounds (IMCs) have received much attention recently due to the special geometric and electronic effects and outstanding activity and durability, endowed by their ordered structure. Herein, A series of hollow-structured nanocrystals of Pd-Sn alloy, including face-centered cubic solid solution of Pd(Sn), IMCs of Pd2Sn, and IMCs of Pd3Sn2, are fabricated via a solvothermal strategy by varying the precursor ratio of Pd and Sn. The structure difference of the nanocrystals has been investigated via combined electron microscopy and spectroscopy, assisted by local elemental separation analysis and X-ray spectroscopy. Among all, Pd3Sn2 IMCs show outstanding methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) activity in terms of mass activity (1.3 A·mgPd−1) and specific activity (5.03 mA·cm−2). Through density functional theory (DFT) simulation calculations on three different Pd-Sn alloy models, the performance has been well understood. As compared with Pd(Sn) and Pd2Sn, the high MOR kinetics on Pd3Sn2 is featured by its weaker CO adsorption and favorable CO–OH co-adsorption.

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Publication history

Received: 01 April 2022
Revised: 12 May 2022
Accepted: 20 May 2022
Published: 14 July 2022
Issue date: October 2022

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© Tsinghua University Press 2022

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge support from the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin, China (No. 18JCYBJC20600) and Institute of Energy, Hefei Comprehensive National Science Center (No. 19KZS207).

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Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.
Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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