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With the increasingly severe electromagnetic interference issue and the huge heat dissipation demand caused by the miniaturized and integrated electronic devices, exploring the heat-conduction microwave absorption (MA) materials is highly desired and remains a great challenge. Herein, we reported the fabrication of ZnO/amorphous carbon (ZnO/AC) hybrid films covered on the surface of graphene (ZnO/AC/Graphene) to simultaneously apply as the MA and thermal management materials. The ZnO/AC coatings synthesized with the auxiliary of an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method are highly uniform and controllable, which can significantly improve the MA performance and thermal conduction properties of graphene. The reflection loss (RL) of −55.4 dB and the effective absorption bandwidth of 5.3 GHz were achieved with thickness of 2.0 mm for ZnO/AC/Graphene at a low loading content (3 wt.%). The minimum RL of −57.9 dB can be obtained in the ZnO/AC/Graphene composites at a low frequency (7.8 GHz). Moreover, the absorption frequency can be regulated by changing the ZnO/AC which can be readily implemented by adjusting the ALD cycles of ZnO. The thermal conductivity of ZnO/AC/Graphene is up to 257.8 mW·m−1·K−1, increased by 53.2% compared with natural rubber. The enhancement mechanisms of microwave loss and heat conduction are systematically studied in detail. This work not only develops an excellent candidate, but also provides a novel strategy to design functional materials for heat-conduction MA application.

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Publication history

Received: 19 February 2022
Revised: 10 May 2022
Accepted: 10 May 2022
Published: 23 June 2022
Issue date: October 2022

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© Tsinghua University Press 2022

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 22068010 and 22168016), the Natural Science Foundation of Hainan Province (No. 519QN176), and the Finance Science and technology project of Hainan Province (No. ZDYF2020009).

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Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.
Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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