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Well-tailored nanomaterials with a single-crystal character provide ideal building blocks for on-chip plasmonic devices. Although colloidal methods have demonstrated mastery over the synthesis of such structures, it has proven quite difficult to deploy these same nanomaterials on substrate surfaces in a highly deterministic manner where precise control over position and orientation is ensured. Herein, we demonstrate a room-temperature two-reagent liquid-phase seed-mediated synthesis of gold nanoplates directly on substrate surfaces in arrays over a square-centimeter area. The synthesis is reliant on benchtop lithographic and directed-assembly processes that give rise to single-crystal seeds of gold that express both an epitaxial relationship with the underlying substrate and the internal defect structure required to promote a two-dimensional growth mode. The resulting structures are highly faceted and, because seed-substrate epitaxy is imposed upon the growing nanoplates, are identically aligned on the substrate surface. Nanoplate yields are increased to values as high as 95% using a post-processing sonication procedure that selectively removes a small population of irregularly shaped nanostructures from the substrate surface, and in doing so, gives rise to an uncompromised plasmonic response. The work, therefore, advances the techniques needed to integrate single-crystal nanomaterials with wafer-based technologies and provides leading-edge capabilities in terms of defining large-area arrays of plasmonic structures with the nanoplate geometry.


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Epitaxially aligned single-crystal gold nanoplates formed in large- area arrays at high yield
Show Author's information Trevor B. Demille1,§Robert D. Neal1,§Arin S. Preston1Zijuan Liang1Allen G. Oliver2Robert A. Hughes1Svetlana Neretina1,2( )
College of Engineering University of Notre DameNotre DameIndiana 46556 USA
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry University of Notre DameNotre DameIndiana 46556 USA

§ Trevor B. Demille and Robert D. Neal contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Well-tailored nanomaterials with a single-crystal character provide ideal building blocks for on-chip plasmonic devices. Although colloidal methods have demonstrated mastery over the synthesis of such structures, it has proven quite difficult to deploy these same nanomaterials on substrate surfaces in a highly deterministic manner where precise control over position and orientation is ensured. Herein, we demonstrate a room-temperature two-reagent liquid-phase seed-mediated synthesis of gold nanoplates directly on substrate surfaces in arrays over a square-centimeter area. The synthesis is reliant on benchtop lithographic and directed-assembly processes that give rise to single-crystal seeds of gold that express both an epitaxial relationship with the underlying substrate and the internal defect structure required to promote a two-dimensional growth mode. The resulting structures are highly faceted and, because seed-substrate epitaxy is imposed upon the growing nanoplates, are identically aligned on the substrate surface. Nanoplate yields are increased to values as high as 95% using a post-processing sonication procedure that selectively removes a small population of irregularly shaped nanostructures from the substrate surface, and in doing so, gives rise to an uncompromised plasmonic response. The work, therefore, advances the techniques needed to integrate single-crystal nanomaterials with wafer-based technologies and provides leading-edge capabilities in terms of defining large-area arrays of plasmonic structures with the nanoplate geometry.

Keywords: nanoplates, epitaxial, array, plasmon, Brij-700 block copolymer, substrate
Received: 12 February 2021 Revised: 24 March 2021 Accepted: 25 March 2021 Published: 14 June 2021 Issue date: January 2022
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Publication history

Received: 12 February 2021
Revised: 24 March 2021
Accepted: 25 March 2021
Published: 14 June 2021
Issue date: January 2022

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Science Foundation Award to S.N. (No. CMMI-1911991). It has also benefited from the facilities available through the Notre Dame Molecular Structure Facility (MSF) and the Notre Dame Integrated Imaging Facility (NDIIF).

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