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Review Article

Single atom catalysts by atomic diffusion strategy

Lihong LinZhuo Chen( )Wenxing Chen( )
Energy & Catalysis Center, School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijing100081China
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Abstract

The depletion of energy and increasing environmental pressure have become one of the main challenges in the world today. Synthetic high-efficiency catalysts bring hope for efficient conversion of energy and effective treatment of pollutants, especially, single-atom catalysts (SACs) are promising candidates. Herein, we comprehensively summarizes the atomic diffusion strategy, which is considered as an effective method to prepare a series of SACs. According to the different diffusion forms of the precursors, we review the synthesis pathways of SACs from three aspects: gas diffusion, solid diffusion and liquid diffusion. The gaseous diffusion method mainly discusses atomic layer deposition (ALD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD), both of which carry out gas phase mass transfer at high temperatures. The solid-state diffusion method can be divided into nanoparticle transformation into single atoms and solid atom migration. Liquid diffusion mainly describes the electrochemical method and the molten salt method. We hope this review can trigger the rational design of SACs.

Nano Research
Pages 4398-4416
Cite this article:
Lin L, Chen Z, Chen W. Single atom catalysts by atomic diffusion strategy. Nano Research, 2021, 14(12): 4398-4416. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-021-3412-9
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Received: 20 January 2021
Revised: 12 February 2021
Accepted: 21 February 2021
Published: 07 April 2021
© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021
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