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Rechargeable Al-ion batteries (AIBs) are considered as one of the most fascinating energy storage systems due to abundant Al resource and low cost. However, the cycling stability is subjected to critical problems for using Al foil as negative electrode, including Al dendrites, corrosion and pulverization. For addressing these problems, here a lightweight self-supporting N-doped carbon rod array (NCRA) is demonstrated for a long-life negative electrode in AIBs. Experimental analysis and first-principle calculations reveal the storage mechanism involving the induced deposition of N-containing function groups to Al as well as the ideal skeleton of the NCRA matrix for Al plating/stripping, which is favorable for regulating Al nucleation and suppressing dendrites growth. Compared with the Al foil, the NCRA exhibits lower areal mass density (~ 72% of Al foil), smaller thickness (40% of Al foil), but much longer cycle life (> 4 times of Al foil). Benefiting from the remarkable stability of the array structure, symmetric cells show excellent cycling stability with small voltage hysteresis (~ 80 mV) and meanwhile there are no corrosion and pulverization problems even after cycled for 120 hours. Besides, full cells also manifest long lifespan (1,500 cycles) and increased Coulombic efficiency (100±1%).

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Publication history

Received: 25 June 2020
Revised: 13 August 2020
Accepted: 05 September 2020
Published: 01 March 2021
Issue date: March 2021

Copyright

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51725401 and 51874019) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. FRF-TP-17-002C2).

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Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.
Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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