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In the past two decades, the field of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has flourished and many rational strategies have been reported for the successful construction of SERS substrates. However, it still lacks the mass-production and programmability for practical applications with arbitrary configurations, and it is highly desirable to develop SERS substrates with strong signal enhancement, large-scale surface area, easy fabrication and low cost. Herein, we demonstrate a large-area fabrication (1.5 m × 5 m) of low-cost (18.8 dollars per square meter), highly sensitive, flexible and transparent SERS substrate by a simple solution process. The high sensitivity of SERS substrate using 3, 3'-diethylthiatricarbocyanine iodide (DTTCI) as probe molecules is strongly dependent on the density and diameter of gold nanoparticles (NPs) on the surface of nylon mesh with the best enhancement factor (EF) of 9.17 × 1010 and the SERS detection limit of DTTCI molecules is as low as 10-14 M which shows no obvious degradation even after 10, 000 cycles of fatigue test, high temperature (above than 160 ℃) and acid-alkali treatment, indicating their excellent stability for the performance in all climates.

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Publication history

Received: 21 February 2019
Revised: 14 April 2019
Accepted: 22 April 2019
Published: 29 May 2019
Issue date: June 2019

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51732011, 21431006, 21761132008, 21401183 and 21771168), the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21521001), Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, CAS (No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH036), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2014CB931800), the Users with Excellence and Scientific Research Grant of Hefei Science Center of CAS (No. 2015HSC-UE007), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Nos. WK2100000005 and WK2090050043), and the Joint Funds from Hefei National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (No. UN2018LHJJ). This work was partially carried out at the USTC Center for Micro and Nanoscale Research and Fabrication.

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Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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