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Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), as direct bandgap semiconductors, show promise for applications in ultra-thin flexible optoelectronic devices. However, the optical properties and device performance are greatly affected by defects, such as vacancies, present in these materials. Vacancies exist unavoidably in mechanically exfoliated or grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) monolayer TMDCs; therefore, their influence on the electric and optical properties of host materials has been widely studied. Here, we report a new defect state located at 1.54 eV, which is 70 meV lower than the neutral exciton energy in as-prepared MoS2 monolayers grown by CVD. This defect state is clearly observed in photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectra at ambient conditions. PL mapping, Raman mapping, and atomic force microscopy analysis indicate a solid-vapor reaction growth mechanism of the defect state formation. During a certain growth stage, nuclei with the composition of WOx Sey do not fully react with the Se vapor, leading to the defect formation. This type of defects permits radiative recombination of bound neutral excitons, which can make the PL intensity as strong as the intrinsic excitation. Our findings reveal a new way to tailor the optical properties of two-dimensional TMDCs without any additional processes performed after growth.

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Publication history

Received: 07 October 2017
Revised: 01 December 2017
Accepted: 23 December 2017
Published: 25 January 2018
Issue date: July 2018

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11304060) and the Foundation of Harbin Institute of Technology for the Incubation Program of the Development of Basic Research Outstanding Talents (No. 01509321).

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Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.
Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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