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Mesoporous Mn-Sn bimetallic oxide (BO) nanocubes with sizes of 15-30 nm show outstanding stable and reversible capacities in lithium ion batteries (LIBs), reaching 856.8 mAh·g-1 after 400 cycles at 500 mA·g-1 and 506 mAh·g-1 after 850 cycles at 1, 000 mA·g-1. The preliminary investigation of the reaction mechanism, based on X-ray diffraction measurements, indicates the occurrence of both conversion and alloying-dealloying reactions in the Mn-Sn bimetallic oxide electrode. Moreover, Mn-Sn BO//LiCoO2 Li-ion full cells were successfully assembled for the first time, and found to deliver a relatively high energy density of 176.25 Wh·kg-1 at 16.35 W·kg-1 (based on the total weight of anode and cathode materials). The superior long-term stability of these materials might be attributed to their nanoscale size and unique mesoporous nanocubic structure, which provide short Li+ diffusion pathways and a high contact area between electrolyte and active material. In addition, the Mn-Sn BOs could be used as advanced sulfur hosts for lithium-sulfur batteries, owing to their adequate mesoporous structure and relatively strong chemisorption of lithium polysulfide. The present results thus highlight the promising potential of mesoporous Mn-Sn bimetallic oxides for application in Li-ion and Li-S batteries.

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Publication history

Received: 20 September 2017
Revised: 29 October 2017
Accepted: 11 November 2017
Published: 02 August 2018
Issue date: July 2018

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

Thanks for the financial support from the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 21471091), Academy of Sciences large apparatus United Fund (No. 11179043), the Fundamental Research Funds of Shandong University (No. 2015JC007), and the Taishan Scholar Project of Shandong Province (No. ts201511004).

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Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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