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Three-dimensional (3D) graphene has recently attracted enormous attention for electrochemical energy storage applications. However, current methods suffer from an inability to simultaneously control and engineer the porosity and morphology of the graphene frameworks. Here, we report the designed synthesis of ordered mesoporous graphene spheres (OMGSs) by transformation of self-assembled Fe3O4 nanocrystal superlattices. The resultant OMGSs have an ultrathin framework comprising few-layered graphene, with highly ordered and interconnected mesoporosity and a high surface area. These advantageous structural and textural features, in combination with the excellent electrical conductivity of the graphitic frameworks, render the OMGSs an ideal and general platform for creating hybrid materials that are well suited for use as composite electrodes in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). As a proof-of-concept demonstration, SnO2 and GeO2 nanoparticles are incorporated into the OMGSs to afford SnO2@OMGSs and GeO2@OMGSs, respectively, both of which exhibit outstanding lithium storage properties when used as LIB anodes.

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Publication history

Received: 30 June 2016
Revised: 01 August 2016
Accepted: 04 August 2016
Published: 13 September 2016
Issue date: December 2016

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

A. D. acknowledges the financial support from the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2014CB845602), Natural National Science Foundation of China (No. 21373052), Shanghai International Science and Technology Cooperation Project (Nos. 15520720100), and the "1000 Youth Talents" Plan. D. Y. is grateful for financial support from the Natural National Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51573030, 51573028, 51373035, and 51373040) and International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China (No. 2014DFE40130).

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Email: nanores@tup.tsinghua.edu.cn

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