One-dimensional (1D) ZnO nanostructures have been studied intensively and extensively over the last decade not only for their remarkable chemical and physical properties, but also for their diverse current and future technological applications. This article gives a comprehensive overview of the progress that has been made within the context of 1D ZnO nanostructures synthesized via wet chemical methods. We will cover the synthetic methodologies and the corresponding growth mechanisms, various nanostructures grown, their doping and alloying, and position-controlled growth on substrates. Finally, we will review their functional properties in catalysis, hydrophobic surface modification, sensing, and electronic, optical, optoelectronic, and energy harvesting devices.
We thank NSF, DARPA, and BES DOE for support. We also thank those authors and many of our collaborators who made contributions to the published data reviewed in the text here. S. X. organized and wrote the paper. Z. L. W. commented on the paper.
Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.