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xCCL: A Survey of Industry-Led Collective CommunicationLibraries for Deep Learning

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California, Merced, Merced 95343, U.S.A.
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Machine learning techniques have become ubiquitous both in industry and academic applications. Increasing model sizes and training data volumes necessitate fast and efficient distributed training approaches. Collective communications greatly simplify inter- and intra-node data transfer and are an essential part of the distributed training process as information such as gradients must be shared between processing nodes. In this paper, we survey the current state-of-the-art collective communication libraries (namely xCCL, including NCCL, oneCCL, RCCL, MSCCL, ACCL, and Gloo), with a focus on the industry-led ones for deep learning workloads. We investigate the design features of these xCCLs, discuss their use cases in the industry deep learning workloads, compare their performance with industry-made benchmarks (i.e., NCCL Tests and PARAM), and discuss key take-aways and interesting observations. We believe our survey sheds light on potential research directions of future designs for xCCLs.

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Journal of Computer Science and Technology
Pages 166-195
Cite this article:
Weingram A, Li Y, Qi H, et al. xCCL: A Survey of Industry-Led Collective CommunicationLibraries for Deep Learning. Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 2023, 38(1): 166-195.






Web of Science






Received: 08 October 2022
Revised: 09 November 2022
Accepted: 03 January 2023
Published: 28 February 2023
© Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 2023