Open Access Research Article Issue
Electrical properties of Na2Pb2R2W2Ti4V4O30 (R = Dy, Pr) ceramics
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2013, 2 (2): 112-118
Published: 04 June 2013

The polycrystalline samples of complex tungsten bronze (TB) Na2Pb2R2W2Ti4V4O30 (R=Dy, Pr) compounds were prepared by solid-state reaction technique. Room- temperature preliminary structural studies confirm the formation of the compounds in the orthorhombic crystal system. Detailed studies of electrical properties of the materials using complex impedance spectroscopy technique exhibit that the impedance and related parameters are strongly dependent upon temperature and microstructure (bulk, grain boundary, etc). An observation of negative temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR) suggests the materials have semiconducting properties. The variation of AC conductivity with temperature shows a typical Arrhenius behavior of the materials. Both the samples obey Jonscher’s universal power law. The existence of hopping mechanism in the electrical transport processes in the system with non-exponential type of conductivity relaxation is confirmed by electrical modulus analysis.

Open Access Research Article Issue
Dielectric and electrical properties of Na2Pb2La2W2Ti4Ta4O30 electroceramics
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2012, 1 (3): 232-240
Published: 11 December 2012

The polycrystalline sample of complex tungsten-bronze type compound (Na2Pb2La2W2Ti4Ta4O30 ) was prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction technique. Room temperature preliminary structural study using X-ray diffraction (XRD) data exhibits the formation of a single-phase new compound. The SEM micrograph of the compound exhibits non uniform rectangular grains distributed throughout the sample surface. Detailed studies of dielectric parameters (εr, tan δ) as a function of temperature and frequency, and P-E hysteresis (spontaneous polarization) confirmed the existence of ferroelectricity in the material. Complex impedance spectroscopy analysis, carried out as a function of frequency at different temperatures, established a correlation between the microstructure and electrical properties of the material. The electrical relaxation process occurring in the material is temperature dependent. The activation energy found from the Arrhenius plot that the conduction process in the material is of mixed type. The nature of frequency dependence of ac conductivity suggests that the material obeys Jonscher's universal power law.

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