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Review | Open Access

The development of solid oxide co-electrolysis of H2O and CO2 on large-size cells and stacks

Jingjing Liang1Jianzhong Zhu1Minfang Han1( )Xiufu Hua2Duruo Li2Meng Ni3
Fuel Cell and Energy Storage Center, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Yangtze Delta Region Institute of Tsinghua University, Zhejiang, Jiaxing 314006, China
Department of Building and Real Estate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, China
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Abstract

In the context of carbon neutrality, conversion of CO2 into CO is an effective way for negative carbon emission. Electrochemical reduction is a novel developed pathway, among which, solid oxide co-electrolysis technology is promising for its high efficiency and low electricity demand. Researches concerning the large-size cell and stack of application level are important. This review, targeting at the not yet fully understood reaction mechanism and the most concerning issue of durability, details the reported factors playing important roles in the reaction mechanism and durability of co-electrolysis. It is found that the operating conditions such as inlet mixtures and applied current significantly affect the reaction mechanism of co-electrolysis and the experiments on button cells can not reflect the real reaction mechanism on industrial-size cells. Besides, the durability test of large-size single cells and stacks at high current with high conversion rate and the potential of solid oxide co-electrolysis combing with intermittent renewable energy are also reviewed and demonstrated. Finally, an outlook for future exploration is also offered.

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iEnergy
Pages 109-118
Cite this article:
Liang J, Zhu J, Han M, et al. The development of solid oxide co-electrolysis of H2O and CO2 on large-size cells and stacks. iEnergy, 2023, 2(2): 109-118. https://doi.org/10.23919/IEN.2023.0007

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Received: 16 February 2023
Revised: 14 March 2023
Accepted: 24 March 2023
Published: 01 June 2023
© The author(s) 2023.

This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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