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Review | Open Access

Expert opinion on translational research for advanced glioblastoma treatment

Xiaoteng CuiYunfei WangJunhu ZhouQixue WangChunsheng Kang ( )
Laboratory of Neuro-oncology, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Key Laboratory of Post-Neuro Injury Neuro-Repair and Regeneration in Central Nervous System, Ministry of Education and Tianjin City, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China
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Abstract

Malignant gliomas are known to be one of the most difficult diseases to diagnose and treat because of the infiltrative growth pattern, rapid progression, and poor prognosis. Many antitumor drugs are not ideal for the treatment of gliomas due to the blood-brain barrier. Temozolomide(TMZ) is a DNA alkylating agent that can cross the blood-brain barrier. As the only first-line chemotherapeutic drug for malignant gliomas at present, TMZ is widely utilized to provide a survival benefit; however, some patients are inherently insensitive to TMZ. In addition, patients could develop acquired resistance during TMZ treatment, which limits antitumor efficacy. To clarify the mechanism underlying TMZ resistance, numerous studies have provided multilevel solutions, such as improving the effective concentration of TMZ in tumors and developing novel small molecule drugs. This review discusses the in-depth mechanisms underlying TMZ drug resistance, thus aiming to provide possibilities for the establishment of personalized therapeutic strategies against malignant gliomas and the accelerated development and transformation of new targeted drugs.

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Cancer Biology & Medicine
Pages 344-352
Cite this article:
Cui X, Wang Y, Zhou J, et al. Expert opinion on translational research for advanced glioblastoma treatment. Cancer Biology & Medicine, 2023, 20(5): 344-352. https://doi.org/10.20892/j.issn.2095-3941.2023.0012

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Received: 13 January 2023
Accepted: 22 March 2023
Published: 05 June 2023
©2023 Cancer Biology & Medicine.

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