AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
View PDF
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Effect of heating rate on the properties of silicon carbide fiber with chemical-vapor-cured polycarbosilane fiber

Tae-Eon KIMKhos-Erdene KHISHIGBAYARKwang Youn CHO( )
Ceramic Fiber and Composite Materials Center, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology, 101, Soho-ro, Jinju-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 660-031, R. O. Korea
Show Author Information


Silicon carbide (SiC) fiber has recently received considerable attention as promising next-generation fiber because of its high strength at temperatures greater than 1300 ℃ in air. High-quality SiC fiber is primarily made through a curing and heat treatment process. In this study, the chemical vapor curing method, instead of the thermal oxidation curing method, was used to prepare cured polycarbosilane (PCS) fiber. During the high temperature heat treatment of the cured PCS fiber, varied heating rates of 10, 20, 30, and 40 ℃/min were applied. Throughout the process, the fiber remained in the amorphous silicon carbide phase, and the measured tensile strength was the greatest when the oxygen content in the heat-treated fiber was low, due to the rapid heating rate. The fiber produced through this method was also found to have excellent internal oxidation properties. This fast, continuous process shows а great promise for the production of SiC fiber and the development of high-quality products.


Liu HA, Balkus KJ Jr.. Electrospinning of beta silicon carbide nanofibers. Mater Lett 2009, 63: 2361-2364.
Yu Y, Tai J, Tang X, et al. Continuous Si–C–O–Al fiber derived from aluminum-containing polycarbosilane precursor. Composites Part A 2008, 39: 1101-1105.
Yu Y, Tang X. Ceramic precursor aluminum-containing polycarbosilane: Preparation and structure. J Inorg Organomet P 2009, 19: 389-394.
Babonneau F. Synthesis and charaterization of Si–Zr–C–O ceramics from polymer precursors. J Eur Ceram Soc 1991, 8: 29-34.
Takeda M, Sakamoto J-i, Imai Y, et al. Thermal stability of the low-oxygen-content silicon carbide fiber, Hi-NicalonTM. Compos Sci Technol 1999, 59: 813-819.
Ly HQ, Taylor R, Day RJ, et al. Conversion of polycarbosilane (PCS) to SiC-based ceramic: Part 1. Characterisation of PCS and curing products. J Mater Sci 2001, 36: 4037-4043.
Kang P-H, Jeun J-P, Seo D-K, et al. Fabrication of SiC mat by radiation processing. Radiat Phys Chem 2009, 78: 493-495.
Hong J, Cho K-Y, Shin D-G, et al. Low-temperature chemical vapour curing using iodine for fabrication of continuous silicon carbide fibers from low-molecular-weight polycarbosilane. J Mater Chem A 2014, 2: 2781-2793.
William T, Batich CD, Sacks MD, et al. Polymer-derived silicon carbide fibers with low oxygen content and improved thermomechanical stability. Compos Sci Technol 1994, 51: 145-159.
Shimoo T, Okamura K, Ito M, et al. High-temperature stability of low-oxygen silicon carbide fiber heat-treated under different atmosphere. J Mater Sci 2000, 35: 3733-3739.
Bae J-C, Cho K-Y, Yoon D-H, et al. Highly efficient densification of carbon fiber-reinforced SiC-matrix composites by melting infiltration and pyrolysis using polycarbosilane. Ceram Int 2013, 39: 5623-5629.
Kim T-E, Bae JC, Cho KY, et al. Thermal conducting behavior of composites of conjugated short fibrous-SiC web with different filler fraction. J Korean Phys Soc 2012, 49: 549-555.
Kim T-E, Bae JC, Cho KY, et al. Fabrication of electrospun SiC fibers web/phenol resin composites for the application to high thermal conducting substrate. J Nanosci Nanotechno 2013, 13: 3307-3312.
Hasegawa Y. Synthesis of continuous silicon carbide fibre.J Mater Sci 1989, 24: 1177-1190.
Xu T, Ma Q, Chen Z. Mechanical property and microstructure evolutions of Cf/SiOC composites with increasing annealing temperature in reduced pressure environment. Ceram Int 2012, 38: 605-611.
Soraru GD, Babonneau F, Mackenzie JD. Structural evolutions from polycarbosilane to SiC ceramic. J Mater Sci 1990, 25: 3886-3893.
Bunsell AR, Piant A. A review of the development of three generations of small diameter silicon carbide fibers. J Mater Sci 2006, 41: 823-839.
Shimoo T, Toyoda F, Okamura K. Oxidation kinetics of low-oxygen silicon carbide fiber. J Mater Sci 2000, 35: 3301-3306.
Shimoo T, Okamura K, Morisada Y. Active-to-passive oxidation transition for polycarbosilane-derived silicon carbide fibers heated in Ar-O2 gas mixtures. J Mater Sci 2002, 37: 1793-1800.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 59-66
Cite this article:
KIM T-E, KHISHIGBAYAR K-E, CHO KY. Effect of heating rate on the properties of silicon carbide fiber with chemical-vapor-cured polycarbosilane fiber. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2017, 6(1): 59-66.








Web of Science






Received: 09 September 2016
Revised: 12 February 2017
Accepted: 01 May 2017
Published: 02 March 2017
© The author(s) 2017

Open Access The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.