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Regular Paper

CoC: A Unified Distributed Ledger Based Supply Chain Management System

Department of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-3010, U.S.A.
School of Management, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China

A preliminary version of the paper was published in the Proceedings of ICCCN 2017.

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Abstract

Modern supply chain is a complex system and plays an important role for different sectors under the globalization economic integration background. Supply chain management system is proposed to handle the increasing complexity and improve the efficiency of flows of goods. It is also useful to prevent potential frauds and guarantee trade compliance. Currently, most companies maintain their own IT systems for supply chain management. However, it is hard for these isolated systems to work together and provide a global view of the status of the highly distributed supply chain system. Using emerging decentralized ledger/blockchain technology, which is a special type of distributed system in essence, to build supply chain management system is a promising direction to go. Decentralized ledger usually suffers from low performance and lack of capability to protect information stored on the ledger. To overcome these challenges, we propose CoC (supply chain on blockchain), a novel supply chain management system based on a hybrid decentralized ledger with a novel two-step block construction mechanism. We also design an efficient storage scheme and information protection method that satisfy requirements of supply chain management. These techniques can also be applied to other decentralized ledger based applications with requirements similar to supply chain management.

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Journal of Computer Science and Technology
Pages 237-248
Cite this article:
Gao Z, Xu L, Chen L, et al. CoC: A Unified Distributed Ledger Based Supply Chain Management System. Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 2018, 33(2): 237-248. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11390-018-1816-5

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Received: 09 July 2017
Revised: 18 January 2018
Published: 23 March 2018
©2018 LLC & Science Press, China
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